Convictions for October 2013

Referring Agency: Drug Enforcement Administration

Number Latest Month 822
Percent Change from previous month -34.6
Percent Change from 1 year ago -8.1
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -21.3
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -21.2
Table 1: Criminal Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during October 2013 the government reported 822 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 34.6% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-8.1 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 21.3 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of convictions of these matters in October 2013 was for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking", accounting for 44.2 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (33.8%), " Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (19%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions

Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In October 2013, no defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In October 2013, 822 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during October there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during October.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during October 2013referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 328 1 1 1 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 297 2 2 2 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 6 3 3 4 More
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 3 5 4 - More
21 USC 848 - Continuing criminal enterprise 3 5 17 20 More
21 USC 863 - Drug paraphernalia 3 5 - - More
46 USC 70506 - Penalties 3 5 27 14 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 2 9 13 11 More
18 USC 2118 - Robberies/burglaries w/controlled substances 2 9 35 23 More
21 USC 843 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts C 2 9 8 9 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846. "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Firearms; Unlawful acts" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 922. "Firearms; Unlawful acts" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 922 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 4 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in convictions—up 300 percent—compared to one year ago was Title U.S.C Section that involves "Other US Code Section ". Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—20 percent—was registered for convictions under " Continuing criminal enterprise " (Title 21 U.S.C Section 848 ).

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 11.5 percent—was Attempt and conspiracy (Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 ). Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 25 percent—was for convictions where the lead charge was " Robberies/burglaries w/controlled substances " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 2118 ).

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In October 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 314.2 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.


Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Ark, E 3,155 43 1 30 35 More
Iowa, N 1,720 19 2 17 53 More
N Mexico 1,438 25 3 6 8 More
N Dakota 1,372 8 4 47 43 More
Ken, E 1,213 22 5 19 9 More
Ga, S 1,170 15 6 49 65 More
Miss, N 1,077 10 7 69 65 More
Wyoming 1,041 5 8 70 38 More
Virg, W 939 17 9 27 42 More
Texas, W 874 48 10 1 1 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock)—with 3155 convictions as compared with 314.2 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during October 2013.

  • The Northern District of Iowa (Cedar Rapids) ranked 2nd.

  • District of New Mexico is now ranking 3rd. The District of New Mexico was ranked 6 a year ago, while it was ranked 8 for most frequent use five years ago.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Northern District of Iowa (Cedar Rapids), now ranked 2nd , and Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington) at 5th In the same order, these districts ranked 17th and 19th one year ago and 53rd and 9th five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 81.4 percent—was Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock). This was the same district that had the largest increase— 71.6 percent—when compared with five years ago.

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of convictions— 56 percent—was Wyoming .  This was the same district that had the largest increase— 84.9 percent—when compared with five years ago.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during October 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Yeakel, Earl Leroy, III Texas, W 19 1 More
Marshall, Denzil Price, Jr. Ark, E 15 2 More
Whipple, Dean Mo, W 15 2 More
Irizarry, Dora L. N. Y., E 15 2 More
Hanen, Andrew S. Texas, S 12 5 More
Moody, James Maxwell Ark, E 11 6 More
Reeves, Danny C. Ken, E 11 6 More
Edenfield, Berry Avant Ga, S 10 8 More
Bennett, Mark W. Iowa, N 10 8 More
Barrett, Michael Ryan Ohio, S 10 8 More
Alvarez, Micaela Texas, S 10 8 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 6 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 5 judges were from other districts. (Because of ties, there were a total of 11 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge Earl Leroy Yeakel, III in the Western District of Texas (San Antonio) ranked 1st with 19 convicted in convictions.

  • Judges Denzil Price Marshall, Jr. in the Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock), Dean Whipple in the Western District of Missouri (Kansas City) and Dora L. Irizarry in the Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn) ranked 2nd with 15 convicted in convictions.

Report Generated: January 13, 2014
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