Convictions for October 2012
Referring Agency: Drug Enforcement Administration
Table 1: Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during October 2012 the government reported 960 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 22% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2012 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-9.8 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 12.4 percent from levels reported in 2007.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions
The decrease from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in October 2012 was for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking", accounting for 45.9 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (32.5%), "
Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (19.3%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In October 2012, no defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In October 2012, 959 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during October there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during October.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during October 2012referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846.
"Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd was "Explosives - Additional powers of the Secretary" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 846.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in convictions—up 433.3 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 846
that involves " Explosives - Additional powers of the Secretary
Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—500 percent—was registered for
convictions under " Continuing criminal enterprise
" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 848 ).
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 30.2 percent—was
Laundering of monetary instruments
(Title 18 U.S.C Section 1956 ).
Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 51.5 percent—was
for convictions where the lead charge was " Attempt and conspiracy
" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 963
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In October 2012 the Justice Department said the government obtained 374.8 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3.
Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)
The Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock)—with 1955 convictions as compared with 374.8 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during October 2012.
The Northern District of Iowa (Cedar Rapids) ranked 2nd.
District of New Mexico is now ranking 3rd.
The District of New Mexico was ranked 6 a year ago, while it was ranked 7 for most frequent use five years ago.
Recent entrants to the top 10 list were
Southern District of California (San Diego), now ranked
, and Northern District of Iowa (Cedar Rapids)
In the same order, these districts ranked 12th and 22nd one year ago and 13th and 35th five years ago.
The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth
in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 145.2 percent—was
Western District of Missouri (Kansas City).
Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth— 466.7 percent—was
Northern District of Oklahoma (Tulsa).
In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the
largest drop in the rate of convictions— 33.6 percent—was
Eastern District of Kentucky (Lexington).
But over the past five years,
Southern District of Georgia (Savannah)
showed the largest drop— 33.9 percent.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during October 2012 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 7 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 9 judges were from other districts.
(Because of ties, there were a total of 16 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Alia Moses in the Western District of Texas (San Antonio) ranked 1st with 17 convicted in convictions.
Judge Virginia Maria Hernandez Covington in the Middle District of Florida (Tampa) ranked 2nd with 14 convicted in convictions.
Judges Curtis Lynn Collier in the Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville), George P. Kazen in the Southern District of Texas (Houston) and Robert A. Junell in the Western District of Texas (San Antonio)
ranked 3rd with 11 convicted in convictions.
Report Generated: February 6, 2013