Convictions for March 2013
Referring Agency: Drug Enforcement Administration
Table 1: Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during March 2013 the government reported 1177 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 23.8% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-5.5 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 8.6 percent from levels reported in 2008.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions
The decrease from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in March 2013 was for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking", accounting for 46.4 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (30.6%), "
Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (19.7%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In March 2013, no defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In March 2013, 1174 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during March there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during March.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during March 2013referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846.
"Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd was "Firearms; Unlawful acts" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 922.
"Firearms; Unlawful acts" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 922 was ranked 4 a year ago, while it was ranked 4 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in convictions—up 700 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1512
that involves " Tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant
This was the same statute that had the largest increase—700 %—when compared with five years ago.
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 67.6 percent—was
Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts C
(Title 21 U.S.C Section 843 ).
This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 69.4 %—when compared with five years ago.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In March 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 458.9 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3.
Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)
The Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock)—with 2933 convictions as compared with 458.9 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during March 2013.
The District of New Mexico ranked 2nd.
The District of New Mexico was ranked 5 a year ago, while it was ranked 7 for most frequent use five years ago.
Western District of Tennessee (Memphis) is now ranking 3rd.
Recent entrants to the top 10 list were
Eastern District of Texas (Tyler), now ranked
, and Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock)
In the same order, these districts ranked 11th and 16th one year ago and 10th and 44th five years ago.
The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth
in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 169.6 percent—was
Western District of Tennessee (Memphis).
Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth— 445.5 percent—was
Middle District of Georgia (Macon).
In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the
largest drop in the rate of convictions— 33.8 percent—was
Western District of Texas (San Antonio).
But over the past five years,
showed the largest drop— 28.9 percent.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during March 2013 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 8 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 3 judges were from other districts.
(Because of ties, there were a total of 11 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Earl Leroy Yeakel, III in the Western District of Texas (San Antonio) ranked 1st with 40 convicted in convictions.
Judge Reed Charles O'Connor in the Northern District of Texas (Fort Worth) ranked 2nd with 27 convicted in convictions.
Judge Gustavo Antonio Gelpi, Jr. in the District of Puerto Rico ranked 3rd with 22 convicted in convictions.
Report Generated: May 9, 2013