Convictions for June 2013

Referring Agency: Drug Enforcement Administration

Number Latest Month 886
Percent Change from previous month 2.5
Percent Change from 1 year ago -2.6
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -13.7
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -13.5
Table 1: Criminal Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during June 2013 the government reported 886 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 2.5% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-2.6 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 13.7 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of convictions of these matters in June 2013 was for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking", accounting for 43.7 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (34.2%), " Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (17.6%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions

Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In June 2013, no defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In June 2013, 884 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during June there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during June.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during June 2013referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 385 1 1 1 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 275 2 2 2 More
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 11 3 6 43 More
46 USC 70503 - Possession control substance on vessel subject to jurisdiction of US 10 4 10 15 More
21 USC 963 - Attempt and conspiracy 7 5 4 3 More
18 USC 1956 - Laundering of monetary instruments 6 6 6 5 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 5 7 3 4 More
18 USC 4 - Misprision of Felony 3 8 41 32 More
21 USC 860 - Distribution or manufacturing in or near schools a 3 8 29 32 More
21 USC 952 - Importation of controlled substances 3 8 5 9 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846. "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "RICO - prohibited activities" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962. "RICO - prohibited activities" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962 was ranked 6 a year ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in convictions—up 800 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 4 that involves " Misprision of Felony ". Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—3100 percent—was registered for convictions under " RICO - prohibited activities " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1962 ).

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 67.6 percent—was Importation of controlled substances (Title 21 U.S.C Section 952 ). Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 28.8 percent—was for convictions where the lead charge was " Attempt and conspiracy " (Title 21 U.S.C Section 963 ).

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In June 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 345.5 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.

Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
N Mexico 1,672 28 1 5 7 More
Hawaii 1,204 13 2 50 64 More
Miss, N 1,191 11 3 85 80 More
Vermont 1,158 6 4 51 74 More
N Dakota 1,113 6 5 68 38 More
Iowa, N 1,104 12 6 26 64 More
Texas, W 979 50 7 1 1 More
Miss, S 911 14 8 67 47 More
Cal, S 894 24 9 10 25 More
Ark, W 835 9 10 60 66 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The District of New Mexico—with 1672 convictions as compared with 345.5 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during June 2013. The District of New Mexico was ranked 5 a year ago, while it was ranked 7 for most frequent use five years ago.

  • The District of Hawaii ranked 2nd.

  • Northern District of Mississippi (Oxford) is now ranking 3rd.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Northern District of Iowa (Cedar Rapids), now ranked 6th , and Hawaii at 2nd In the same order, these districts ranked 26th and 50th one year ago and 64th and 64th five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 245.5 percent—was Northern District of Mississippi (Oxford). This was the same district that had the largest increase— 123.5 percent—when compared with five years ago.

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of convictions— 34.5 percent—was Western District of Texas (San Antonio).  But over the past five years, North Dakota showed the largest drop— 47.1 percent.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during June 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Cooke, Marcia G. Fla, S 13 1 More
Tilley, Norwood Carlton, Jr. N Car, M 13 1 More
Bennett, Mark W. Iowa, N 11 3 More
Crone, Marcia A. Texas, E 10 4 More
Moses, Alia Texas, W 10 4 More
Holmes, Paul Kinloch, III Ark, W 8 6 More
Walker, Mark Eaton Fla, N 8 6 More
McKinley, Joseph H., Jr. Ken, W 8 6 More
Kays, David Gregory Mo, W 8 6 More
Lazzara, Richard A. Fla, M 7 10 More
Aycock, Sharion Miss, N 7 10 More
Ross, John Andrew Mo, E 7 10 More
Dever, James C., III N Car, E 7 10 More
Brack, Robert C. N Mexico 7 10 More
Cercone, David S. Penn, W 7 10 More
Hanen, Andrew S. Texas, S 7 10 More
Allen, Arenda Lauretta Wright Virg, E 7 10 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 5 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 12 judges were from other districts. (Because of ties, there were a total of 17 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judges Marcia G. Cooke in the Southern District of Florida (Miami) and Norwood Carlton Tilley, Jr. in the Middle District of North Carolina (Greensboro) ranked 1st with 13 convicted in convictions.

  • Judge Mark W. Bennett in the Northern District of Iowa (Cedar Rapids) ranked 3rd with 11 convicted in convictions.

Report Generated: August 20, 2013
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