Convictions for July 2013

Referring Agency: Drug Enforcement Administration

Number Latest Month 1,039
Percent Change from previous month 19.8
Percent Change from 1 year ago -6.0
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -16.8
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -16.6
Table 1: Criminal Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during July 2013 the government reported 1039 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 19.8% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-6 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 16.8 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions

The decrease from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of convictions of these matters in July 2013 was for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking", accounting for 46.5 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (34%), " Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (15.7%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions

Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In July 2013, no defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In July 2013, 1037 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during July there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during July.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during July 2013referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 439 1 1 1 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 343 2 2 2 More
18 USC 1956 - Laundering of monetary instruments 11 3 5 5 More
18 USC 1962 - RICO - prohibited activities 9 4 7 - More
21 USC 963 - Attempt and conspiracy 9 4 4 3 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 8 6 3 4 More
46 USC 70503 - Possession control substance on vessel subject to jurisdiction of US 8 6 9 15 More
18 USC 846 - Explosives - Additional powers of the Secretary 7 8 24 20 More
18 USC 924 - Firearms; Penalties 4 9 10 8 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 4 9 12 12 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846. "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Laundering of monetary instruments" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1956. "Laundering of monetary instruments" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1956 was ranked 5 a year ago, while it was ranked 5 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in convictions—up 250 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 846 that involves " Explosives - Additional powers of the Secretary ". This was the same statute that had the largest increase—250 %—when compared with five years ago.

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 22.2 percent—was Possession control substance on vessel subject to jurisdiction of US (Title 46 U.S.C Section 70503 ). Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 41.7 percent—was for convictions where the lead charge was " Attempt and conspiracy " (Title 21 U.S.C Section 963 ).

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In July 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 405.3 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.


Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Ark, E 2,256 30 1 15 46 More
N Mexico 1,433 24 2 6 8 More
Tenn, W 1,390 18 3 23 67 More
Texas, W 1,311 67 4 1 1 More
Maryland 1,074 51 5 9 11 More
Tenn, E 1,051 22 6 14 10 More
Ill, S 1,036 11 7 41 37 More
Ark, W 1,020 11 8 62 63 More
Ga, S 985 12 9 44 70 More
La, M 915 6 10 70 83 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock)—with 2256 convictions as compared with 405.3 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during July 2013.

  • The District of New Mexico ranked 2nd. The District of New Mexico was ranked 6 a year ago, while it was ranked 8 for most frequent use five years ago.

  • Western District of Tennessee (Memphis) is now ranking 3rd.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville), now ranked 6th , and Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock) at 1st In the same order, these districts ranked 14th and 15th one year ago and 10th and 46th five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 52.9 percent—was Western District of Tennessee (Memphis). This was the same district that had the largest increase— 224.2 percent—when compared with five years ago.

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of convictions— 65.4 percent—was Middle District of Louisiana (Baton Rouge).  This was the same district that had the largest increase— 40 percent—when compared with five years ago.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during July 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Junell, Robert A. Texas, W 23 1 1 1 More
Moody, James Maxwell Ark, E 21 2 167 24 More
Ramos, Nelva Gonzales Texas, S 19 3 7 - More
Titus, Roger W. Maryland 13 4 194 89 More
Greer, J. Ronnie Tenn, E 13 4 45 97 More
Bredar, James Kelleher Maryland 12 6 633 - More
Cerezo, Carmen Consuelo Puer Rico 12 6 401 268 More
Biery, Samuel Frederick, Jr. Texas, W 12 6 4 184 More
Moses, Alia Texas, W 12 6 2 - More
Russell, Thomas B. Ken, W 11 10 194 71 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 7 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 3 judges were from other districts.

  • Judge Robert A. Junell in the Western District of Texas (San Antonio) ranked 1st with 23 convicted in convictions. Judge Junell appeared in the top ten rankings one year (ranked 1) and five years ago (rank 1).

  • Judge James Maxwell Moody in the Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock) ranked 2nd with 21 convicted in convictions.

  • Judge Nelva Gonzales Ramos in the Southern District of Texas (Houston) ranked 3rd with 19 convicted in convictions. Judge Ramosalso appeared in the top ten rankings one year ago(ranked 7).

Report Generated: September 23, 2013
TRAC Copyright
Copyright 2013, TRAC Reports, Inc.

TRAC RSS Feed for this page Email Feed for this page Email this page