Convictions for April 2012
Referring Agency: Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
Table 1: Criminal Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during April 2012 the government reported 570 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 31.8% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2012 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was only slightly down (-0.4 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 7.5 percent from levels reported in 2007.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions
The leveling out from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
The largest number of convictions of these matters in April 2012 was for "Weapons-Operation Triggerlock Major", accounting for 69.1 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (10.9%), "
Withheld by Govt from TRAC (FOIA challen" (9.6%), "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (4.4%).
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In April 2012, no defendants
in cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In April 2012, 570 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during April there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during April.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters
filed in U.S. District Court during April 2012referred by the Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Firearms; Unlawful acts" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 922) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
"Firearms; Unlawful acts" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 922) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841.
"Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.
Ranked 3rd was "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846.
"Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.
Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest
increase in convictions—up 22.7 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1951
that involves " Hobbs Act
This was the same statute that had the largest increase—170.6 %—when compared with five years ago.
Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest
decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 17.8 percent—was
Attempt and conspiracy
(Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 ).
Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in convictions— 37.8 percent—was
for convictions where the lead charge was " Tax on Making Firearms - Prohibited acts
" (Title 26 U.S.C Section 5861
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In April 2012 the Justice Department said the government obtained 222.8 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3.
Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)
The Southern District of Alabama (Mobile)—with 1163 convictions as compared with 222.8 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during April 2012.
The District of Vermont ranked 2nd.
Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville) is now ranking 3rd.
The Eastern District of Tennessee (Knoxville) was ranked 3 a year ago.
Recent entrants to the top 10 list were
Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland), now ranked
, and New Mexico
In the same order, these districts ranked 20th and 30th one year ago and 21st and 34th five years ago.
The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth
in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 123.5 percent—was
Rhode Island .
This was the same district that had the largest increase— 322.2 percent—when compared with five years ago.
In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the
largest drop in the rate of convictions— 24.2 percent—was
Middle District of North Carolina (Greensboro).
But over the past five years,
Northern District of Oklahoma (Tulsa)
showed the largest drop— 34.6 percent.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during April 2012 are shown in Table 4.
A total of 7 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita, while the remaining 7 judges were from other districts.
(Because of ties, there were a total of 14 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge William Lindsay Osteen, Jr. in the Middle District of North Carolina (Greensboro) ranked 1st with 11 convicted in convictions.
Judge Donald C. Nugent in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 2nd with 9 convicted in convictions.
Judge Alia Moses in the Western District of Texas (San Antonio) ranked 3rd with 8 convicted in convictions.
Report Generated: July 9, 2012