Convictions for January 2013

Referring Agency: Immigration and Customs in Homeland Security

Number Latest Month 9,755
Percent Change from previous month -4.7
Percent Change from 1 year ago 21.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) 125.7
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) 32.5
Table 1: Criminal Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during January 2013 the government reported 9755 new convictions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Immigration and Customs in Homeland Security. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 4.7% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was up (21.2 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 125.7 percent from levels reported in 2008.

The substantial growth in these cases is partly related to increases in the matters filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. If magistrate cases are excluded and only Federal District Court cases are counted, the overall increase in convictions is 32.5 percent instead of 125.7 percent. The evidence suggests that part of the difference may be the result of improvements in the recording of the magistrate cases by the Justice Department.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in convictions

The increase from the levels five years ago in convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of convictions of these matters in January 2013 was for "Immigration", accounting for 89.9 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (6.9%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions

Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In January 2013, 6832 defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in January the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 8 U.S.C Section 1325 involving the "Entry of alien at improper time or place; etc.". This was the lead charge for 75.3 percent of all magistrate convictions in January.

Other frequently prosecuted lead charges include: "08 USC 1326 - Reentry of deported alien" (20%).

Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In January 2013, 2923 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during January there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during January.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during January 2013referred by the Immigration and Customs in Homeland Security.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
08 USC 1326 - Reentry of deported alien 1,797 1 1 1 More
08 USC 1324 - Bringing in and harboring certain aliens 238 2 2 2 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 177 3 3 3 More
21 USC 952 - Importation of controlled substances 151 4 5 4 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 117 5 4 7 More
18 USC 1546 - Fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents 71 6 6 6 More
18 USC 2252 - Material involving sexual exploitation of minors 42 7 8 8 More
08 USC 1325 - Entry of alien at improper time or place; etc. 30 8 7 5 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 27 9 10 10 More
18 USC 1544 - Misuse of passport 27 9 11 19 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Reentry of deported alien" (Title 8 U.S.C Section 1326) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Reentry of deported alien" (Title 8 U.S.C Section 1326) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Bringing in and harboring certain aliens" under Title 8 U.S.C Section 1324. "Bringing in and harboring certain aliens" under Title 8 U.S.C Section 1324 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841. "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in convictions—up 87.6 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1544 that involves " Misuse of passport ". This was the same statute that had the largest increase—603.6 %—when compared with five years ago.

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in convictions compared to one year ago—down 38.5 percent—was Entry of alien at improper time or place; etc. (Title 8 U.S.C Section 1325 ). This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 60.8 %—when compared with five years ago.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In January 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 1142.5 convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 convictions to receive a ranking.


Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
N Mexico 20,003 335 1 5 5 More
Cal, S 17,214 462 2 4 3 More
Texas, W 9,219 471 3 2 2 More
Texas, S 7,105 498 4 3 1 More
Arizona 6,768 372 5 1 4 More
N Dakota 1,670 9 6 23 46 More
Utah 1,551 36 7 10 9 More
Nebraska 1,336 20 8 22 34 More
Wyoming 1,323 6 9 49 66 More
Fla, S 1,259 70 10 6 6 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The District of New Mexico—with 20003 convictions as compared with 1142.5 convictions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during January 2013. The District of New Mexico was ranked 5 a year ago, while it was ranked 5 for most frequent use five years ago.

  • The Southern District of California (San Diego) ranked 2nd. The Southern District of California (San Diego) was ranked 4 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 for most frequent use five years ago.

  • Western District of Texas (San Antonio) is now ranking 3rd. The Western District of Texas (San Antonio) was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 for most frequent use five years ago.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Nebraska , now ranked 8th , and North Dakota at 6th In the same order, these districts ranked 22nd and 23rd one year ago and 34th and 46th five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of convictions compared to one year ago— 16.8 percent—was New Mexico . Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth— 139.4 percent—was North Dakota .

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of convictions— 34.7 percent—was Arizona .  But over the past five years, Utah showed the largest drop— 7.3 percent.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during January 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Brack, Robert C. N Mexico 135 1 22 2 More
Conway, John Edwards N Mexico 75 2 7 28 More
Collins, Raner Christercunean Arizona 65 3 12 13 More
Crane, Randy Texas, S 65 3 3 11 More
Moses, Alia Texas, W 63 5 1 - More
Guaderrama, David C. Texas, W 62 6 - - More
Hinojosa, Ricardo H. Texas, S 60 7 4 12 More
Cardone, Kathleen Texas, W 57 8 2 9 More
Ramos, Nelva Gonzales Texas, S 55 9 71 - More
Tagle, Hilda G. Texas, S 49 10 19 10 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 10 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of convictions per capita.

  • Judge Robert C. Brack in the District of New Mexico ranked 1st with 135 convicted in convictions.

  • Judge John Edwards Conway in the District of New Mexico ranked 2nd with 75 convicted in convictions. Judge Conwayalso appeared in the top ten rankings one year ago(ranked 7).

  • Judges Raner Christercunean Collins in the District of Arizona and Randy Crane in the Southern District of Texas (Houston) ranked 3rd with 65 convicted in convictions. Judge Cranealso appeared in the top ten rankings one year ago(ranked 3).

Report Generated: March 5, 2013
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