Prosecutions for April 2013

Referring Agency: Immigration and Customs in Homeland Security

Number Latest Month 10,313
Percent Change from previous month 6.5
Percent Change from 1 year ago 21.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) 53.8
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -3.7
Table 1: Criminal Prosecutions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during April 2013 the government reported 10313 new prosecutions for these matters. Those cases were referred by the Immigration and Customs in Homeland Security. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 6.5% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants charged are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 prosecutions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of filings was up (21.2 percent). Prosecutions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that prosecutions of this type are up 53.8 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in prosecutions

The increase from the levels five years ago in prosecutions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of prosecutions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average.

Cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

The largest number of prosecutions of these matters in April 2013 was for "Immigration", accounting for 89.9 percent of prosecutions. Prosecutions were also filed for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking" (5.8%). See Figure 2.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of prosecutions

Prosecutions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In April 2013, 8830 defendants in cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in April the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 8 U.S.C Section 1325 involving the "Entry of alien at improper time or place; etc.". This was the lead charge for 56.5 percent of all magistrate filings in April.

Other frequently prosecuted lead charges include: "08 USC 1326 - Reentry of deported alien" (32.2%).

Prosecutions in U.S. District Courts

In April 2013, 1483 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during April there were an additional 1521 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during April.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the prosecutions of matters filed in U.S. District Court during April 2013referred by the Immigration and Customs in Homeland Security.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
08 USC 1326 - Reentry of deported alien 1,778 1 1 1 More
08 USC 1324 - Bringing in and harboring certain aliens 255 2 2 2 More
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 204 3 4 3 More
21 USC 952 - Importation of controlled substances 133 4 5 5 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 95 5 3 7 More
18 USC 1546 - Fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents 89 6 6 6 More
18 USC 2252 - Material involving sexual exploitation of minors 47 7 8 8 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 38 8 9 11 More
08 USC 1325 - Entry of alien at improper time or place; etc. 33 9 7 4 More
18 USC 1544 - Misuse of passport 22 10 10 25 More
Table 2: Top charges filed

  • "Reentry of deported alien" (Title 8 U.S.C Section 1326) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Reentry of deported alien" (Title 8 U.S.C Section 1326) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Bringing in and harboring certain aliens" under Title 8 U.S.C Section 1324. "Bringing in and harboring certain aliens" under Title 8 U.S.C Section 1324 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841. "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 841 was ranked 4 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in prosecutions—up 12.8 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 18 U.S.C Section 922 that involves " Firearms; Unlawful acts ". Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—566.7 percent—was registered for prosecutions under " Misuse of passport " (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1544 ).

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in prosecutions compared to one year ago—down 52.7 percent—was Entry of alien at improper time or place; etc. (Title 8 U.S.C Section 1325 ). This was the same statute that had the largest decrease— 81.8 %—when compared with five years ago.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In April 2013 the Justice Department said the government brought 1174.2 prosecutions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of prosecutions that are filed in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of prosecutions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 prosecutions to receive a ranking.


Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
N Mexico 19,287 323 1 5 5 More
Cal, S 15,537 417 2 3 3 More
Texas, W 10,471 535 3 2 2 More
Texas, S 7,148 501 4 4 1 More
Arizona 4,676 257 5 1 4 More
N Dakota 2,783 15 6 32 46 More
Ark, W 2,226 24 7 30 37 More
Utah 1,594 37 8 20 11 More
Fla, S 1,565 87 9 7 7 More
Iowa, N 1,472 16 10 37 59 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The District of New Mexico—with 19287 prosecutions as compared with 1174.2 prosecutions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during April 2013. The District of New Mexico was ranked 5 a year ago, while it was ranked 5 for most frequent use five years ago.

  • The Southern District of California (San Diego) ranked 2nd. The Southern District of California (San Diego) was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 for most frequent use five years ago.

  • Western District of Texas (San Antonio) is now ranking 3rd. The Western District of Texas (San Antonio) was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 for most frequent use five years ago.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Utah , now ranked 8th , and Western District of Arkansas (Fort Smith) at 7th In the same order, these districts ranked 20th and 30th one year ago and 11th and 37th five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of prosecutions compared to one year ago— 53.6 percent—was New Mexico . Compared to five years ago, the district with the largest growth— 169.7 percent—was North Dakota .

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of prosecutions— 48.8 percent—was Arizona .  But over the past five years, Southern District of Texas (Houston) showed the largest drop— 1.1 percent.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new crime cases of this type during April 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Brack, Robert C. N Mexico 227 1 2 1 More
Moses, Alia Texas, W 111 2 1 - More
Hanen, Andrew S. Texas, S 77 3 14 11 More
Junell, Robert A. Texas, W 63 4 17 23 More
Hinojosa, Ricardo H. Texas, S 56 5 9 9 More
Crane, Randy Texas, S 52 6 6 5 More
Benitez, Roger T. Cal, S 51 7 25 16 More
Guaderrama, David C. Texas, W 51 7 - - More
Martinez, Philip Ray Texas, W 49 9 3 3 More
Montalvo, Frank Texas, W 47 10 5 7 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 10 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of filings per capita.

  • Judge Robert C. Brack in the District of New Mexico ranked 1st with 227 defendants in cases. Judge Brack appeared in the top ten rankings one year (ranked 2) and five years ago (rank 1).

  • Judge Alia Moses in the Western District of Texas (San Antonio) ranked 2nd with 111 defendants in cases. Judge Mosesalso appeared in the top ten rankings one year ago(ranked 1).

  • Judge Andrew S. Hanen in the Southern District of Texas (Houston) ranked 3rd with 77 defendants in cases.

Report Generated: June 10, 2013
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