Narcotics/Drugs Prosecutions for April 2013

Number Latest Month 2,046
Percent Change from previous month -9.4
Percent Change from 1 year ago -7.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -2.5
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -18.1
Table 1: Criminal Narcotics/Drugs Prosecutions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during April 2013 the government reported 2046 new narcotics/drugs prosecutions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 9.4% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants charged with narcotics/drugs-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 prosecutions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of filings was down (-7.2 percent). Prosecutions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that prosecutions of this type are down 2.5 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in narcotics/drugs prosecutions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in narcotics/drugs prosecutions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of narcotics/drugs prosecutions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of narcotics/drugs, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within narcotics/drugs are

  • Drug Trafficking

  • Simple Drug Possession

  • Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force (OCDETF)

  • Major Project Triggerlock Prosecutions (OCDETF)

  • Other Triggerlock Prosecutions (OCDETF)

The largest number of prosecutions of these matters in April 2013 was for "Drugs-Drug Trafficking", accounting for 76.4 percent of prosecutions. Prosecutions were also filed for "Drugs-Organized Crime Task Force" (20%), " Drugs-Simple Drug Possession" (3.5%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for narcotics/drugs prosecutions in April 2013 was DHS accounting for 30 percent of prosecutions referred. Other agencies with substantial numbers of narcotics/drugs referrals were: DEA (29% ), FBI (17%), ATF (11%), Local (5%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of prosecutions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Prosecutions by investigative agency

Narcotics/Drugs Prosecutions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In April 2013, 929 defendants in narcotics/drugs cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in April the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 involving the "Attempt and conspiracy". This was the lead charge for 39.7 percent of all magistrate filings in April.

Other frequently prosecuted lead charges include: "21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (39%), "21 USC 952 - Importation of controlled substances" (12.2%), "21 USC 844 - Penalty for simple possession" (6.4%) .

Narcotics/Drugs Prosecutions in U.S. District Courts

In April 2013, 1117 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during April there were an additional 473 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during April.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the prosecutions of narcotics/drugs matters filed in U.S. District Court during April 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
21 USC 841 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A 869 1 1 1 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 496 2 2 2 More
21 USC 952 - Importation of controlled substances 136 3 3 3 More
21 USC 963 - Attempt and conspiracy 14 4 7 5 More
18 USC 846 - Explosives - Additional powers of the Secretary 12 5 14 22 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 11 6 12 27 More
18 USC 1956 - Laundering of monetary instruments 7 7 8 4 More
21 USC 844 - Penalty for simple possession 6 8 9 6 More
18 USC 922 - Firearms; Unlawful acts 5 9 4 9 More
18 USC 4 - Misprision of Felony 3 10 22 19 More
18 USC 924 - Firearms; Penalties 3 10 10 10 More
18 USC 3583 - Term of supervised release after imprisonment 3 10 18 27 More
21 USC 843 - Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts C 3 10 12 8 More
21 USC 959 - Possession, manufacture, or distribution for purpo 3 10 22 40 More
Table 2: Top charges filed

  • "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was the most frequent recorded lead charge. "Drug Abuse Prevention & Control-Prohibited acts A" (Title 21 U.S.C Section 841) was ranked 1 a year ago, while it was ranked 1 five years ago.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846. "Attempt and conspiracy" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 846 was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 2 five years ago.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Importation of controlled substances" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 952. "Importation of controlled substances" under Title 21 U.S.C Section 952 was ranked 3 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 five years ago.

Among these top ten lead charges, the one showing the greatest increase in prosecutions—up 25.3 percent—compared to one year ago was Title 21 U.S.C Section 963 that involves " Attempt and conspiracy ". Compared to five years ago, the largest increase—500 percent—was registered for prosecutions under " Possession, manufacture, or distribution for purpo " (Title 21 U.S.C Section 959 ).

Again among the top ten lead charges, the one showing the sharpest decline in prosecutions compared to one year ago—down 46.2 percent—was Term of supervised release after imprisonment (Title 18 U.S.C Section 3583 ). Compared to five years ago, the most significant decline in prosecutions— 44.1 percent—was for filings where the lead charge was " Penalty for simple possession " (Title 21 U.S.C Section 844 ).

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In April 2013 the Justice Department said the government brought 621.5 narcotics/drugs prosecutions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the per capita number of narcotics/drugs prosecutions that are filed in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of prosecutions per capita for these matters last month are shown in Table 3. Districts must have at least 5 narcotics/drugs prosecutions to receive a ranking.


Judicial District Percapita Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Cal, S 5,961 160 1 2 3 More
N Dakota 5,194 28 2 36 84 More
W Virg, N 4,821 36 3 29 28 More
N Mexico 3,224 54 4 8 5 More
Vermont 2,509 13 5 73 77 More
Texas, W 2,349 120 6 3 1 More
Alaska 2,103 12 7 61 68 More
Ala, S 1,890 13 8 31 24 More
Fla, N 1,675 24 9 42 55 More
Ark, E 1,654 22 10 17 57 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts (per ten million people)

  • The Southern District of California (San Diego)—with 5961 prosecutions as compared with 621.5 prosecutions per ten million population in the United States—was the most active during April 2013. The Southern District of California (San Diego) was ranked 2 a year ago, while it was ranked 3 for most frequent use five years ago.

  • The District of North Dakota ranked 2nd.

  • Northern District of West Virginia (Wheeling) is now ranking 3rd.

Recent entrants to the top 10 list were Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock), now ranked 10th , and Northern District of West Virginia (Wheeling) at 3rd In the same order, these districts ranked 17th and 29th one year ago and 57th and 28th five years ago.

The federal judicial district which showed the greatest growth in the rate of narcotics/drugs prosecutions compared to one year ago— 31.7 percent—was North Dakota . This was the same district that had the largest increase— 369.6 percent—when compared with five years ago.

In the last year, the judicial District Court recording the largest drop in the rate of narcotics/drugs prosecutions— 56.6 percent—was Eastern District of Arkansas (Little Rock).  But over the past five years, Southern District of Alabama (Mobile) showed the largest drop— 62 percent.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new narcotics/drugs crime cases of this type during April 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank 1yr ago 5yrs ago  
Cerezo, Carmen Consuelo Puer Rico 42 1 26 191 More
Besosa, Francisco Augusto Puer Rico 42 1 212 637 More
Hovland, Daniel L. N Dakota 26 3 195 312 More
Vratil, Kathryn Hoefer Kansas 25 4 92 62 More
Hanen, Andrew S. Texas, S 24 5 38 29 More
Junell, Robert A. Texas, W 23 6 1 1 More
Brimmer, Philip A. Colorado 20 7 655 - More
Martinez, William Joseph Colorado 19 8 230 - More
Benitez, Roger T. Cal, S 17 9 14 24 More
Brack, Robert C. N Mexico 17 9 26 11 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 4 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of narcotics/drugs filings per capita, while the remaining 6 judges were from other districts.

  • Judges Carmen Consuelo Cerezo in the District of Puerto Rico and Francisco Augusto Besosa in the District of Puerto Rico ranked 1st with 42 defendants in narcotics/drugs cases.

  • Judge Daniel L. Hovland in the District of North Dakota ranked 3rd with 26 defendants in narcotics/drugs cases.

Report Generated: June 10, 2013
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