Official Corruption Convictions for September 2013

Number Latest Month 58
Percent Change from previous month 7.4
Percent Change from 1 year ago -2.8
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -4.5
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -5.0
Table 1: Criminal Official Corruption Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during September 2013 the government reported 58 new official corruption convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is up 7.4% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for official corruption-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-2.8 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 4.5 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in official corruption convictions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in official corruption convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of official corruption convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of official corruption, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within official corruption are

  • Federal Corruption - Procurement

  • Federal Corruption - Program

  • Federal Corruption - Law Enforcement

  • Federal Corruption - Other

  • State Corruption

  • Local Corruption

  • Other Public Corruption

The largest number of convictions of these matters in September 2013 was for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Local", accounting for 29.3 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Procurement" (19%), " Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Other" (17.2%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-State" (12.1%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Program" (10.3%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Other" (6.9%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Law Enforcement" (5.2%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for official corruption convictions in September 2013 was FBI accounting for 38 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of official corruption convictions were: Postal (10% ), DHS (9%), Labor (9%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In September 2013, 3 defendants in official corruption cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in September the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 involving the "Fraud/false statements or entries generally". This was the lead charge for 33.3 percent of all magistrate convictions in September.

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In September 2013, 55 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during September there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during September.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of official corruption matters filed in U.S. District Court during September 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 666 - Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds 18 1 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 10 2 More
18 USC 641 - Public money, property or records 5 3 More
18 USC 1341 - Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles 3 4 More
18 USC 1709 - Theft of mail matter by officer or employee 3 4 More
18 USC 201 - Bribery of public officials and witnesses 2 6 More
18 USC 1001 - Fraud/false statements or entries generally 2 6 More
18 USC 1512 - Tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant 2 6 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 2 6 More
18 USC 38 - Fraud involving aircraft or space vehicle parts 1 10 More
18 USC 215 - Receipt of commissions or gifts for procuring loan 1 10 More
18 USC 242 - Deprivation of rights under color of law 1 10 More
18 USC 1028 - Fraud and related activity - id documents 1 10 More
18 USC 1040 - Fraud in connection with major disaster or emergency benefits 1 10 More
18 USC 1708 - Theft or receipt of stolen mail matter generally 1 10 More
19 USC 1459 - Reporting requirements for individuals 1 10 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 1 10 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 666) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 371.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Public money, property or records" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 641.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In September 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 21.5 official corruption convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of official corruption convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
Cal, C 7 1 More
Mich, E 7 1 More
Delaware 4 3 More
N. J. 3 4 More
Puer Rico 3 4 More
Cal, S 2 6 More
Ill, S 2 6 More
Miss, N 2 6 More
N Car, E 2 6 More
Virg, E 2 6 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Central District of California (Los Angeles) and Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit)—with 7 convictions—were the most active during September 2013.

  • District of Delaware is now ranking 3rd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new official corruption crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during September 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Carter, David O. Cal, C 5 1 More
Cook, Julian Abele, Jr. Mich, E 4 2 More
Delgado-Colon, Aida M. Puer Rico 3 3 More
Benitez, Roger T. Cal, S 2 4 More
Robinson, Sue Lewis Delaware 2 4 More
Andrews, Richard Gibson Delaware 2 4 More
Linares, Jose L. N. J. 2 4 More
Smith, Charles Lynwood, Jr. Ala, N 1 8 More
Guilford, Andrew J. Cal, C 1 8 More
Fischer, Dale S. Cal, C 1 8 More
Mueller, Kimberly Jo Cal, E 1 8 More
Jackson, Amy Berman D. C. 1 8 More
Scola, Robert Nichols, Jr. Fla, S 1 8 More
Carnes, Julie E. Ga, N 1 8 More
Gilbert, John Phil Ill, S 1 8 More
Reagan, Michael Joseph Ill, S 1 8 More
Thapar, Amul Roger Ken, E 1 8 More
Jackson, Brian Anthony La, M 1 8 More
Motz, J. Frederick Maryland 1 8 More
Hillman, Timothy S. Mass 1 8 More
Edmunds, Nancy Garlock Mich, E 1 8 More
Hood, Denise Page Mich, E 1 8 More
Murphy, Stephen Joseph, III Mich, E 1 8 More
Biggers, Neal Brooks, Jr. Miss, N 1 8 More
Aycock, Sharion Miss, N 1 8 More
Whipple, Dean Mo, W 1 8 More
Haddon, Sam E. Montana 1 8 More
Boyle, Terrence William N Car, E 1 8 More
Fox, James Carroll N Car, E 1 8 More
Shipp, Michael A. N. J. 1 8 More
Garaufis, Nicholas G. N. Y., E 1 8 More
Arcara, Richard Joseph N. Y., W 1 8 More
Lioi, Sara Elizabeth Ohio, N 1 8 More
Haggerty, Ancer Lee Oregon 1 8 More
Schiller, Berle M. Penn, E 1 8 More
Herlong, Henry Michael, Jr. S Car 1 8 More
Haynes, William Joseph, Jr. Tenn, M 1 8 More
Crone, Marcia A. Texas, E 1 8 More
Hanen, Andrew S. Texas, S 1 8 More
Biery, Samuel Frederick, Jr. Texas, W 1 8 More
Smith, Rebecca Beach Virg, E 1 8 More
Allen, Arenda Lauretta Wright Virg, E 1 8 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

A total of 21 out of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of official corruption convictions , while the remaining 21 judges were from other districts. (Because of ties, there were a total of 42 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge David O. Carter in the Central District of California (Los Angeles) ranked 1st with 5 convicted in official corruption convictions.

  • Judge Julian Abele Cook, Jr. in the Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit) ranked 2nd with 4 convicted in official corruption convictions.

  • Judge Aida M. Delgado-Colon in the District of Puerto Rico ranked 3rd with 3 convicted in official corruption convictions.

Report Generated: November 25, 2013
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