Official Corruption Convictions for June 2013

Number Latest Month 42
Percent Change from previous month -4.5
Percent Change from 1 year ago 2.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -3.5
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -4.6
Table 1: Criminal Official Corruption Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during June 2013 the government reported 42 new official corruption convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 4.5% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for official corruption-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was up (2.2 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 3.5 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in official corruption convictions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in official corruption convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of official corruption convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of official corruption, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within official corruption are

  • Federal Corruption - Procurement

  • Federal Corruption - Program

  • Federal Corruption - Law Enforcement

  • Federal Corruption - Other

  • State Corruption

  • Local Corruption

  • Other Public Corruption

The largest number of convictions of these matters in June 2013 was for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Local", accounting for 42.9 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Other" (19%), " Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Procurement" (14.3%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Law Enforcement" (7.1%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Program" (7.1%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Other" (4.8%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-State" (4.8%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for official corruption convictions in June 2013 was FBI accounting for 60 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of official corruption convictions were: Postal (12% ), Defense (10%), Justice Other (7%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In June 2013, 2 defendants in official corruption cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in June the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 18 U.S.C Section 1001 involving the "Fraud/false statements or entries generally". This was the lead charge for 50 percent of all magistrate convictions in June.

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In June 2013, 40 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during June there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during June.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of official corruption matters filed in U.S. District Court during June 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 666 - Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds 8 1 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 6 2 More
18 USC 1341 - Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles 6 2 More
18 USC 201 - Bribery of public officials and witnesses 5 4 More
18 USC 1001 - Fraud/false statements or entries generally 3 5 More
18 USC 1709 - Theft of mail matter by officer or employee 2 6 More
02 USC 441 - Federal Election Campaigns 1 7 More
15 USC 78dd-2 - Prohibited foreign trade practices by domestic concern 1 7 More
18 USC 207 - Restrictions on former officers, employees, etc 1 7 More
18 USC 208 - Acts affecting a personal financial interest 1 7 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 1 7 More
18 USC 1346 - Scheme or artifice to defraud 1 7 More
18 USC 1512 - Tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant 1 7 More
18 USC 1707 - Theft of property used by Postal Service 1 7 More
26 USC 7206 - Fraud and False statements 1 7 More
29 USC 162 - Offenses and penalties 1 7 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 666) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency were the lead charges "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 371 and "Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1341.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In June 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 15.6 official corruption convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of official corruption convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
La, E 5 1 More
N. Y., E 5 1 More
Mass 4 3 More
Texas, N 3 4 More
D. C. 2 5 More
Delaware 2 5 More
Maryland 2 5 More
N. J. 2 5 More
Virg, E 2 5 More
Conn 1 10 More
Fla, M 1 10 More
Fla, S 1 10 More
Ga, M 1 10 More
Ga, N 1 10 More
Mich, E 1 10 More
Mo, E 1 10 More
N Car, M 1 10 More
N. Y., W 1 10 More
Ohio, N 1 10 More
Oregon 1 10 More
Tenn, E 1 10 More
Tenn, W 1 10 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Eastern District of Louisiana (New Orleans) and Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn)—with 5 convictions—were the most active during June 2013.

  • District of Massachusetts is now ranking 3rd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new official corruption crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during June 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Duval, Stanwood R., Jr. La, E 3 1 More
Wolf, Mark Lawrence Mass 3 1 More
Vitaliano, Eric Nicholas N. Y., E 3 1 More
O'Connor, Reed Charles Texas, N 3 1 More
Andrews, Richard Gibson Delaware 2 5 More
Gershon, Nina N. Y., E 2 5 More
Arterton, Janet Bond Conn 1 7 More
Bates, John D. D. C. 1 7 More
Jackson, Amy Berman D. C. 1 7 More
Hodges, William Terrell Fla, M 1 7 More
Huck, Paul C. Fla, S 1 7 More
Sands, W[illie] Louis Ga, M 1 7 More
Batten, Timothy C., Sr. Ga, N 1 7 More
Lemelle, Ivan L. R. La, E 1 7 More
Vance, Sarah S. La, E 1 7 More
Bredar, James Kelleher Maryland 1 7 More
Hollander, Ellen Lipton Maryland 1 7 More
Ponsor, Michael Adrian Mass 1 7 More
Borman, Paul D. Mich, E 1 7 More
Autrey, Henry Edward Mo, E 1 7 More
Peake, Joi Elizabeth N Car, M 1 7 More
Hochberg, Faith S. N. J. 1 7 More
Chesler, Stanley R. N. J. 1 7 More
Arcara, Richard Joseph N. Y., W 1 7 More
Lioi, Sara Elizabeth Ohio, N 1 7 More
Aiken, Ann L. Oregon 1 7 More
Guyton, H. Bruce Tenn, E 1 7 More
Mays, Samuel H., Jr. Tenn, W 1 7 More
Lee, Gerald Bruce Virg, E 1 7 More
Hudson, Henry E. Virg, E 1 7 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 30 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of official corruption convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 30 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judges Stanwood R. Duval, Jr. in the Eastern District of Louisiana (New Orleans), Mark Lawrence Wolf in the District of Massachusetts, Eric Nicholas Vitaliano in the Eastern District of New York (Brooklyn) and Reed Charles O'Connor in the Northern District of Tex as (Fort Worth) ranked 1st with 3 convicted in official corruption convictions.

Report Generated: August 20, 2013
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