Official Corruption Convictions for July 2013

Number Latest Month 32
Percent Change from previous month -22.0
Percent Change from 1 year ago -4.1
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -6.5
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -7.8
Table 1: Criminal Official Corruption Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during July 2013 the government reported 32 new official corruption convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 22% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for official corruption-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was down (-4.1 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 6.5 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in official corruption convictions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in official corruption convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of official corruption convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of official corruption, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within official corruption are

  • Federal Corruption - Procurement

  • Federal Corruption - Program

  • Federal Corruption - Law Enforcement

  • Federal Corruption - Other

  • State Corruption

  • Local Corruption

  • Other Public Corruption

The largest number of convictions of these matters in July 2013 was for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Local", accounting for 43.8 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Procurement" (21.9%), " Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Other" (9.4%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Program" (9.4%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-State" (9.4%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Other" (6.3%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for official corruption convictions in July 2013 was FBI accounting for 59 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of official corruption convictions were: Postal (9% ), DHS (6%), Defense (3%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In July 2013, no defendants in official corruption cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In July 2013, 32 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during July there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during July.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of official corruption matters filed in U.S. District Court during July 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 5 1 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 4 2 More
18 USC 666 - Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds 3 3 More
18 USC 201 - Bribery of public officials and witnesses 2 4 More
18 USC 641 - Public money, property or records 2 4 More
18 USC 1001 - Fraud/false statements or entries generally 2 4 More
18 USC 1349 - Mail Fraud - Attempt and Conspiracy 2 4 More
21 USC 846 - Attempt and conspiracy 2 4 More
41 USC 51 - Anti-Kickback Act of 1986 2 4 More
08 USC 1326 - Reentry of deported alien 1 10 More
18 USC 207 - Restrictions on former officers, employees, etc 1 10 More
18 USC 287 - False, fictitious or fraudulent claims 1 10 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 1 10 More
18 USC 1346 - Scheme or artifice to defraud 1 10 More
18 USC 1361 - Malicious Mischief - Govrnmt property or contracts 1 10 More
18 USC 1512 - Tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant 1 10 More
18 USC 1711 - Misappropriation of postal funds 1 10 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Hobbs Act" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 1951) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 371.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 666.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In July 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 12.5 official corruption convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of official corruption convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
Miss, S 3 1 More
N. J. 3 1 More
Virg, E 3 1 More
D. C. 2 4 More
La, E 2 4 More
Mich, E 2 4 More
Alaska 1 7 More
Cal, S 1 7 More
Ga, M 1 7 More
Ga, N 1 7 More
Ken, W 1 7 More
Maryland 1 7 More
N Mexico 1 7 More
N. Y., E 1 7 More
N. Y., S 1 7 More
Nevada 1 7 More
Oregon 1 7 More
Penn, E 1 7 More
Penn, W 1 7 More
Texas, E 1 7 More
Texas, N 1 7 More
Vermont 1 7 More
Wyoming 1 7 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Southern District of Mississippi (Jackson), District of New Jersey and Eastern District of Virginia (Alexandria)—with 3 convictions—were the most active during July 2013.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new official corruption crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during July 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Lee, Tom Stewart Miss, S 3 1 More
Shipp, Michael A. N. J. 2 2 More
O'Grady, Liam Virg, E 2 2 More
Burgess, Timothy Mark Alaska 1 4 More
Lorenz, M. James Cal, S 1 4 More
Kollar-Kotelly, Colleen D. C. 1 4 More
Wilkins, Robert Leon D. C. 1 4 More
Sands, W[illie] Louis Ga, M 1 4 More
Batten, Timothy C., Sr. Ga, N 1 4 More
Russell, Thomas B. Ken, W 1 4 More
Vance, Sarah S. La, E 1 4 More
Engelhardt, Kurt D. La, E 1 4 More
Russell, George Levi, III Maryland 1 4 More
Cohn, Avern Levin Mich, E 1 4 More
Friedman, Bernard A. Mich, E 1 4 More
Johnson, William Paul N Mexico 1 4 More
Wigenton, Susan Davis N. J. 1 4 More
Hurley, Denis Reagan N. Y., E 1 4 More
Pauley, William H., III N. Y., S 1 4 More
Du, Miranda Mai Nevada 1 4 More
Aiken, Ann L. Oregon 1 4 More
Davis, Legrome D. Penn, E 1 4 More
McVerry, Terrence F. Penn, W 1 4 More
Crone, Marcia A. Texas, E 1 4 More
McBryde, John H. Texas, N 1 4 More
Reiss, Christina Clair Vermont 1 4 More
Brinkema, Leonie M. Virg, E 1 4 More
Skavdahl, Scott W. Wyoming 1 4 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 28 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of official corruption convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 28 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge Tom Stewart Lee in the Southern District of Mississippi (Jackson) ranked 1st with 3 convicted in official corruption convictions.

  • Judges Michael A. Shipp in the District of New Jersey and Liam O'Grady in the Eastern District of Virginia (Alexandria) ranked 2nd with 2 convicted in official corruption convictions.

Report Generated: September 23, 2013
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