Official Corruption Convictions for February 2013

Number Latest Month 41
Percent Change from previous month -24.1
Percent Change from 1 year ago 4.5
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) -4.2
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) -4.6
Table 1: Criminal Official Corruption Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during February 2013 the government reported 41 new official corruption convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 24.1% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for official corruption-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was up (4.5 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 4.2 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in official corruption convictions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in official corruption convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of official corruption convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of official corruption, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within official corruption are

  • Federal Corruption - Procurement

  • Federal Corruption - Program

  • Federal Corruption - Law Enforcement

  • Federal Corruption - Other

  • State Corruption

  • Local Corruption

  • Other Public Corruption

The largest number of convictions of these matters in February 2013 was for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Local", accounting for 36.6 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Other" (29.3%), " Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Program" (12.2%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Other" (9.8%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Procurement" (7.3%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Law Enforcement" (2.4%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-State" (2.4%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for official corruption convictions in February 2013 was FBI accounting for 46 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of official corruption convictions were: Postal (17% ), Justice Other (10%), USAO (7%), DHS (5%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In February 2013, 3 defendants in official corruption cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in February the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 8 U.S.C Section 1325 involving the "Entry of alien at improper time or place; etc.". This was the lead charge for 33.3 percent of all magistrate convictions in February.

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In February 2013, 38 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during February there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during February.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of official corruption matters filed in U.S. District Court during February 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 666 - Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds 6 1 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 5 2 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 5 2 More
18 USC 641 - Public money, property or records 4 4 More
18 USC 1001 - Fraud/false statements or entries generally 4 4 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 2 6 More
18 USC 2243 - Sexual abuse of a minor or ward 2 6 More
08 USC 1326 - Reentry of deported alien 1 8 More
18 USC 201 - Bribery of public officials and witnesses 1 8 More
18 USC 241 - Conspiracy against rights 1 8 More
18 USC 751 - Escape - Prisoners in custody 1 8 More
18 USC 912 - False personification - Officer or employee of US 1 8 More
18 USC 1028 - Fraud and related activity - id documents 1 8 More
18 USC 1341 - Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles 1 8 More
18 USC 1709 - Theft of mail matter by officer or employee 1 8 More
18 USC 1711 - Misappropriation of postal funds 1 8 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 666) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency were the lead charges "Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 371 and "Hobbs Act" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1951.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In February 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 14.9 official corruption convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of official corruption convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
Cal, C 5 1 More
Miss, S 3 2 More
N. J. 3 2 More
Ill, S 2 4 More
R. I. 2 4 More
D. C. 1 6 More
Fla, S 1 6 More
Ga, N 1 6 More
Ill, N 1 6 More
Ind, N 1 6 More
Ind, S 1 6 More
Kansas 1 6 More
Mass 1 6 More
Mich, E 1 6 More
Mich, W 1 6 More
N Mar Is 1 6 More
N Mexico 1 6 More
N. Y., S 1 6 More
N. Y., W 1 6 More
Ohio, N 1 6 More
Okla, N 1 6 More
S Car 1 6 More
Texas, E 1 6 More
Texas, N 1 6 More
Texas, S 1 6 More
Texas, W 1 6 More
Vermont 1 6 More
Wash, W 1 6 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Central District of California (Los Angeles)—with 5 convictions—was the most active during February 2013.

  • The Southern District of Mississippi (Jackson) and District of New Jersey ranked 2nd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new official corruption crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during February 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Selna, James V. Cal, C 4 1 More
Jordan, Daniel Porter, III Miss, S 3 2 More
Martin, David L. R. I. 2 3 More
Howell, Beryl Alaine D. C. 1 4 More
Altonaga, Cecilia M. Fla, S 1 4 More
Totenberg, Amy Mil Ga, N 1 4 More
Zagel, James Block Ill, N 1 4 More
Herndon, David R. Ill, S 1 4 More
Stiehl, William Donald Ill, S 1 4 More
Moody, James Tyne Ind, N 1 4 More
Magnus-Stinson, Jane Elizabeth Ind, S 1 4 More
Murguia, Carlos Kansas 1 4 More
Woodlock, Douglas Preston Mass 1 4 More
Goldsmith, Mark Allan Mich, E 1 4 More
Greeley, Timothy P. Mich, W 1 4 More
Brack, Robert C. N Mexico 1 4 More
Hochberg, Faith S. N. J. 1 4 More
Kugler, Robert B. N. J. 1 4 More
Wolfson, Freda L. N. J. 1 4 More
Hellerstein, Alvin K. N. Y., S 1 4 More
Arcara, Richard Joseph N. Y., W 1 4 More
Adams, John R. Ohio, N 1 4 More
Payne, James H. Okla, N 1 4 More
Cain, Timothy Martin S Car 1 4 More
Guthrie, Judith K. Texas, E 1 4 More
Solis, Jorge Antonio Texas, N 1 4 More
Counts, David Texas, W 1 4 More
Murtha, John Garvan Vermont 1 4 More
Creatura, J. Richard Wash, W 1 4 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 29 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of official corruption convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 29 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge James V. Selna in the Central District of California (Los Angeles) ranked 1st with 4 convicted in official corruption convictions.

  • Judge Daniel Porter Jordan, III in the Southern District of Mississippi (Jackson) ranked 2nd with 3 convicted in official corruption convictions.

  • Judge David L. Martin in the District of Rhode Island ranked 3rd with 2 convicted in official corruption convictions.

Report Generated: April 23, 2013
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