Official Corruption Convictions for December 2013

Number Latest Month 40
Percent Change from previous month -31.0
Percent Change from 1 year ago 3.4
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Including Magistrate Court) 3.4
Percent Change from 5 years ago (Excluding Magistrate Court) 5.3
Table 1: Criminal Official Corruption Convictions

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during December 2013 the government reported 40 new official corruption convictions. According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 31% over the previous month.

The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for official corruption-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)

When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in the previous year, the number of convictions was up (3.4 percent). Convictions over the past year are still much higher than they were five years ago. Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are up 3.4 percent from levels reported in 2008.

Plot of _FREQ_ by FYMONDT

Figure 1: Monthly trends in official corruption convictions

The leveling out from the levels five years ago in official corruption convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1. The vertical bars in Figure 1 represent the number of official corruption convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court, the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends. The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.

Within the broad category of official corruption, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.

Case types within official corruption are

  • Federal Corruption - Procurement

  • Federal Corruption - Program

  • Federal Corruption - Law Enforcement

  • Federal Corruption - Other

  • State Corruption

  • Local Corruption

  • Other Public Corruption

The largest number of convictions of these matters in December 2013 was for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Local", accounting for 27.5 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Other" (20%), " Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Law Enforcement" (15%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-State" (12.5%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Procurement" (10%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Program" (10%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Other" (5%). See Figure 2.

The lead investigative agency for official corruption convictions in December 2013 was FBI accounting for 55 percent of convictions. Other agencies with substantial numbers of official corruption convictions were: Labor (10% ), IRS (8%), DHS (5%), Postal (5%). See Figure 3.

Pie chart of progcatlabel

Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Pie chart of agenrevgrp

Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts

Top Ranked Lead Charges

In December 2013, 1 defendants in official corruption cases for these matters were filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court where subsequent proceedings take place.

In the magistrate courts in December the most frequently cited lead charge was Title 8 U.S.C Section 1326 involving the "Reentry of deported alien". This was the lead charge for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in December.

Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. District Courts

In December 2013, 39 defendants in new cases for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during December there were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and therefore cover all matters filed in district court during December.

Top Ranked Lead Charges

Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of official corruption matters filed in U.S. District Court during December 2013.

Lead Charge Count Rank  
18 USC 666 - Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds 9 1 More
18 USC 1343 - Fraud by wire, radio, or television 5 2 More
18 USC 201 - Bribery of public officials and witnesses 4 3 More
18 USC 641 - Public money, property or records 3 4 More
18 USC 1341 - Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles 2 5 More
18 USC 1346 - Scheme or artifice to defraud 2 5 More
18 USC 1711 - Misappropriation of postal funds 2 5 More
18 USC 1951 - Hobbs Act 2 5 More
15 USC 1 - Trusts, etc., in restraint of trade illegal; penal 1 9 More
18 USC 371 - Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US 1 9 More
18 USC 661 - Embezzelement/theft in special jurisdictions 1 9 More
18 USC 669 - Theft/Embezzlement - Health Care 1 9 More
18 USC 872 - Extortion by officers or employees of US 1 9 More
18 USC 1001 - Fraud/false statements or entries generally 1 9 More
18 USC 1163 - Embezzlement and theft from Indian Tribal organiza 1 9 More
26 USC 7201 - Attempt to evade or defeat tax 1 9 More
29 USC 501 - Fiduciary responsibility - officers of labor orgs 1 9 More
42 USC 408 - Fed Old Age, Survivors & Disab Insur -Penalties 1 9 More
Table 2: Top charges for convictions

  • "Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 666) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.

  • Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Fraud by wire, radio, or television" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1343.

  • Ranked 3rd was "Bribery of public officials and witnesses" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 201.

Top Ranked Judicial Districts

In December 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 14.9 official corruption convictions for every ten million people in the United States.

Understandably, there is great variation in the number of official corruption convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.

The districts registering the largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.

Judicial District Count Rank  
Virg, E 4 1 More
Ohio, N 3 2 More
Texas, W 3 2 More
Ga, M 2 4 More
Ill, N 2 4 More
Mass 2 4 More
Mo, E 2 4 More
Puer Rico 2 4 More
Ala, M 1 9 More
Conn 1 9 More
Fla, S 1 9 More
Ga, N 1 9 More
Ill, C 1 9 More
Ill, S 1 9 More
Ind, S 1 9 More
La, E 1 9 More
Mich, E 1 9 More
Minnesota 1 9 More
Miss, S 1 9 More
N Mexico 1 9 More
N. J. 1 9 More
N. Y., E 1 9 More
Nebraska 1 9 More
Penn, E 1 9 More
Tenn, M 1 9 More
Texas, S 1 9 More
Wyoming 1 9 More
Table 3: Top 10 districts

  • The Eastern District of Virginia (Alexandria)—with 4 convictions—was the most active during December 2013.

  • The Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) and Western District of Texas (San Antonio) ranked 2nd.

Top Ranked District Judges

At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new official corruption crime cases resulting in convictions of this type during December 2013 are shown in Table 4.

Judge Count Rank  
Lioi, Sara Elizabeth Ohio, N 3 1 More
Treadwell, Marc Thomas Ga, M 2 2 More
Tauro, Joseph Louis Mass 2 2 More
Dominguez, Daniel R. Puer Rico 2 2 More
Junell, Robert A. Texas, W 2 2 More
O'Grady, Liam Virg, E 2 2 More
Fuller, Mark E. Ala, M 1 7 More
Underhill, Stefan R. Conn 1 7 More
Cooke, Marcia G. Fla, S 1 7 More
Batten, Timothy C., Sr. Ga, N 1 7 More
McCuskey, Michael Patrick Ill, C 1 7 More
Reinhard, Philip Godfrey Ill, N 1 7 More
Coleman, Sharon Johnson Ill, N 1 7 More
Herndon, David R. Ill, S 1 7 More
Young, Richard L. Ind, S 1 7 More
Feldman, Martin Leach-Cross La, E 1 7 More
Tarnow, Arthur J. Mich, E 1 7 More
Magnuson, Paul Arthur Minnesota 1 7 More
Bramlette, David C., III Miss, S 1 7 More
Jackson, Carol E. Mo, E 1 7 More
Noce, David D. Mo, E 1 7 More
Hansen, Curtis LeRoy N Mexico 1 7 More
Cooper, Mary Little N. J. 1 7 More
Ross, Allyne R. N. Y., E 1 7 More
Strom, Lyle Elmer Nebraska 1 7 More
Jones, C. Darnell, II Penn, E 1 7 More
Haynes, William Joseph, Jr. Tenn, M 1 7 More
Hoyt, Kenneth M. Texas, S 1 7 More
Briones, David Texas, W 1 7 More
Brinkema, Leonie M. Virg, E 1 7 More
Payne, Robert E. Virg, E 1 7 More
Freudenthal, Nancy Dell Wyoming 1 7 More
Table 4: Top 10 judges

All 32 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of official corruption convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 32 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)

  • Judge Sara Elizabeth Lioi in the Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 1st with 3 convicted in official corruption convictions.

  • Judges Marc Thomas Treadwell in the Middle District of Georgia (Macon), Joseph Louis Tauro in the District of Massachusetts, Daniel R. Dominguez in the District of Puerto Rico, Robert A. Junell in the Western District of Texas (San Antonio) and Liam O'Grady in th e Eastern District of Virginia (Alexandria) ranked 2nd with 2 convicted in official corruption convictions.

Report Generated: February 11, 2014
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