Official Corruption Convictions for April 2013
Table 1: Criminal Official Corruption Convictions
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during April 2013 the government reported 46 new official corruption convictions.
According to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this number is down 13.2% over the previous month.
The comparisons of the number of defendants convicted for official corruption-related offenses are based on case-by-case information obtained by TRAC under the Freedom
of Information Act from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. (See Table 1)
When monthly 2013 convictions of this type are compared with those of the same period in
the previous year, the number of convictions was up (3.2 percent).
Convictions over the past year are still much lower than they were five years ago.
Overall, the data show that convictions of this type are down 2.3 percent from levels reported in 2008.
Figure 1: Monthly trends in official corruption convictions
The leveling out from the levels five years ago in official corruption convictions for these matters is shown more clearly in Figure 1.
The vertical bars in Figure 1
represent the number of official corruption convictions of this type recorded on a month-to-month
basis. Where a prosecution was initially filed in U.S. Magistrate Court and then transferred to the U.S. District Court,
the magistrate filing date was used since this provides an earlier indicator of actual trends.
The superimposed line on the bars plots the six-month moving average so
that natural fluctuations are smoothed out. The one and five-year rates of change in Table 1 and in the sections that follow are all based upon this six-month moving average. To view trends year-by-year rather than month-by-month, see TRAC's annual report series for a broader picture.
Within the broad category of official corruption, cases were classified by prosecutors into more specific types.
Case types within official corruption are
Federal Corruption - Procurement
Federal Corruption - Program
Federal Corruption - Law Enforcement
Federal Corruption - Other
Other Public Corruption
The largest number of convictions of these matters in April 2013 was for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Local", accounting for 37 percent of convictions. Convictions were also filed for "Corruption(Govt Off)-Other" (17.4%), "
Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Procurement" (13%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Other" (10.9%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-State" (10.9%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Law Enforcement" (6.5%), "Corruption(Govt Off)-Fed Program" (4.3%).
See Figure 2.
The lead investigative agency for official corruption convictions in April 2013
was FBI accounting for 50 percent of convictions.
Other agencies with substantial numbers of official corruption convictions were:
Postal (15% ), DHS (11%), Defense (7%), BOP (2%).
See Figure 3.
Figure 2: Specific types of convictions
Figure 3: Convictions by investigative agency
Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. Magistrate Courts
Top Ranked Lead Charges
In April 2013, 1 defendants
in official corruption cases for these matters were
filed in U.S. Magistrate Courts. These courts handle less serious
misdemeanor cases, including what are called "petty offenses." In
addition, complaints are sometimes filed in the magistrate courts before
an indictment or information is entered. In these cases, the matter
starts in the magistrate courts and later moves to the district court
where subsequent proceedings take place.
In the magistrate courts in April the most frequently cited lead charge was
Title 8 U.S.C Section 1325 involving the "Entry of alien at improper time or place; etc.". This was the lead charge
for 100 percent of all magistrate convictions in April.
Official Corruption Convictions in U.S. District Courts
In April 2013, 45 defendants in new cases
for these matters were charged in the U.S. District Courts. In addition during April there
were an additional 0 defendants whose cases moved from the magistrate
courts to the U.S. district courts after an indictment or information
was filed. The sections which follow cover both sets of cases and
therefore cover all matters filed in district court during April.
Top Ranked Lead Charges
Table 2 shows the top lead charges recorded in the convictions of official corruption matters
filed in U.S. District Court during April 2013.
Table 2: Top charges for convictions
"Theft or bribery in programs receiving Fed funds" (Title 18 U.S.C Section 666) was the most frequent recorded lead charge.
Ranked 2nd in frequency was the lead charge "Bribery of public officials and witnesses" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 201.
Ranked 3rd were "Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1341 and "Hobbs Act" under Title 18 U.S.C Section 1951.
Top Ranked Judicial Districts
In April 2013 the Justice Department said the government obtained 17.6 official corruption convictions for every ten million people in the United States.
Understandably, there is great variation in the number of official corruption convictions in each of the nation's ninety-four federal judicial districts.
The districts registering the
largest number of convictions of this type last month are shown in Table 3.
Table 3: Top 10 districts
The Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit)—with 10 convictions—was the most active during April 2013.
The District of New Jersey ranked 2nd.
Central District of California (Los Angeles), District of Massachusetts and Northern District of Ohio (Cleveland) are now ranking 3rd.
Top Ranked District Judges
At any one time, there are about 680 federal District Court judges working in the United States. The judges recorded with the largest number of new official corruption crime cases resulting in convictions of this type
during April 2013 are shown in Table 4.
All 33 of the "top ten" judges were in districts which were in the top ten with the largest number of official corruption convictions . (Because of ties, there were a total of 33 judges in the "top ten" rankings.)
Judge Victoria A. Roberts in the Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit) ranked 1st with 4 convicted in official corruption convictions.
Judge Joseph H. Rodriguez in the District of New Jersey ranked 2nd with 3 convicted in official corruption convictions.
James I. Cohn in the Southern District of Florida (Miami), Peter Jo Messitte in the District of Maryland, Patti B. Saris in the District of Massachusetts, Denise Page Hood in the Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit) and Sara Elizabeth Lioi in the Norther
n District of Ohio (Cleveland) ranked 3rd with 2 convicted in official corruption convictions.
Report Generated: June 10, 2013