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27 Prosecutions
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12 Convictions
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CITE

    50 USC Sec. 1705                                            01/08/2008

EXPCITE

    TITLE 50 - WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
    CHAPTER 35 - INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY ECONOMIC POWERS

HEAD

    Sec. 1705. Penalties

STATUTE

    (a) Unlawful acts
      It shall be unlawful for a person to violate, attempt to violate,
    conspire to violate, or cause a violation of any license, order,
    regulation, or prohibition issued under this chapter.
    (b) Civil penalty
      A civil penalty may be imposed on any person who commits an
    unlawful act described in subsection (a) in an amount not to exceed
    the greater of -
        (1) $250,000; or
        (2) an amount that is twice the amount of the transaction that
      is the basis of the violation with respect to which the penalty
      is imposed.
    (c) Criminal penalty
      A person who willfully commits, willfully attempts to commit, or
    willfully conspires to commit, or aids or abets in the commission
    of, an unlawful act described in subsection (a) shall, upon
    conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000, or if a natural
    person, may be imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both.

SOURCE

    (Pub. L. 95-223, title II, Sec. 206, Dec. 28, 1977, 91 Stat. 1628;
    Pub. L. 102-393, title VI, Sec. 629, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1773;
    Pub. L. 102-396, title IX, Sec. 9155, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1943;
    Pub. L. 104-201, div. A, title XIV, Sec. 1422, Sept. 23, 1996, 110
    Stat. 2725; Pub. L. 109-177, title IV, Sec. 402, Mar. 9, 2006, 120
    Stat. 243; Pub. L. 110-96, Sec. 2(a), Oct. 16, 2007, 121 Stat.
    1011.)

AMENDMENTS

      2007 - Pub. L. 110-96 amended section generally. Prior to
    amendment, text of section read as follows:
      "(a) A civil penalty of not to exceed $50,000 may be imposed on
    any person who violates, or attempts to violate, any license,
    order, or regulation issued under this chapter.
      "(b) Whoever willfully violates, or willfully attempts to
    violate, any license, order, or regulation issued under this
    chapter shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $50,000, or,
    if a natural person, may be imprisoned for not more than twenty
    years, or both; and any officer, director, or agent of any
    corporation who knowingly participates in such violation may be
    punished by a like fine, imprisonment, or both."
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2007 AMENDMENT
      Pub. L. 110-96, Sec. 2(b), Oct. 16, 2007, 121 Stat. 1011,
    provided that:
      "(1) Civil penalties. - Section 206(b) of the International
    Emergency Economic Powers Act [50 U.S.C. 1705(b)], as amended by
    subsection (a), shall apply to violations described in section
    206(a) of such Act with respect to which enforcement action is
    pending or commenced on or after the date of the enactment of this
    Act [Oct. 16, 2007].
      "(2) Criminal penalties. - Section 206(c) of the International
    Emergency Economic Powers Act, as amended by subsection (a), shall
    apply to violations described in section 206(a) of such Act with
    respect to which enforcement action is commenced on or after the
    date of the enactment of this Act."
      2006 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109-177, Sec. 402(1), substituted
    "$50,000" for "$10,000".
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109-177, Sec. 402(2), substituted "twenty
    years" for "ten years".
      1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-201, Sec. 1422(1), inserted ", or
    attempts to violate," after "violates".
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-201, Sec. 1422(2), inserted ", or
    willfully attempts to violate," after "violates".
      1992 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-396 substituted "$10,000" for
    "$50,000".
      Pub. L. 102-393 substituted "$50,000" for "$10,000".
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