TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
PART III - PRISONS AND PRISONERS
CHAPTER 305 - COMMITMENT AND TRANSFER
Sec. 4082. Commitment to Attorney General; residential treatment
centers; extension of limits of confinement; work furlough
(a) The willful failure of a prisoner to remain within the
extended limits of his confinement, or to return within the time
prescribed to an institution or facility designated by the Attorney
General, shall be deemed an escape from the custody of the Attorney
General punishable as provided in chapter 35 of this title.
(b)(1) The Attorney General shall, upon the request of the head
of any law enforcement agency of a State or of a unit of local
government in a State, make available as expeditiously as possible
to such agency, with respect to prisoners who have been convicted
of felony offenses against the United States and who are confined
at a facility which is a residential community treatment center
located in the geographical area in which such agency has
jurisdiction, the following information maintained by the Bureau of
Prisons (to the extent that the Bureau of Prisons maintains such
(A) the names of such prisoners;
(B) the community treatment center addresses of such prisoners;
(C) the dates of birth of such prisoners;
(D) the Federal Bureau of Investigation numbers assigned to
(E) photographs and fingerprints of such prisoners; and
(F) the nature of the offenses against the United States of
which each such prisoner has been convicted and the factual
circumstances relating to such offenses.
(2) Any law enforcement agency which receives information under
this subsection shall not disseminate such information outside of
(c) As used in this section -
the term "facility" shall include a residential community
treatment center; and
the term "relative" shall mean a spouse, child (including
stepchild, adopted child or child as to whom the prisoner, though
not a natural parent, has acted in the place of a parent), parent
(including a person who, though not a natural parent, has acted
in the place of a parent), brother, or sister.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 850; Pub. L. 89-176, Sec. 1,
Sept. 10, 1965, 79 Stat. 674; Pub. L. 93-209, Dec. 28, 1973, 87
Stat. 907; Pub. L. 98-473, title II, Sec. 218(a), Oct. 12, 1984, 98
Stat. 2027; Pub. L. 99-646, Sec. 57(a), Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat.
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 753f (May 14, 1930, ch.
274, Sec. 7, 46 Stat. 326; June 14, 1941, ch. 204, 55 Stat. 252;
Oct. 21, 1941, ch. 453, 55 Stat. 743).
Words "by the juvenile court of the District of Columbia, as well
as to those committed by any court of the United States," at end of
section were omitted as unnecessary, and word "all" inserted before
"persons", without change of meaning.
Provision against penitentiary imprisonment for a term of 1 year
or less without consent of defendant was incorporated in section
4083 of this title.
The phrase "if in his judgment it shall be for the well-being of
the prisoner or relieve overcrowded or unhealthful conditions in
the institution where such person is confined or for other
reasons", was omitted as unnecessary.
Changes were made in phraseology.
This section supersedes section 705 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940
ed., providing for execution of sentences in houses of correction
or reformation; and section 748 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed.,
providing for confinement of prisoners in United States
1986 - Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 99-646 added subsec. (f) and
redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).
1984 - Pub. L. 98-473 struck out subsecs. (a) to (c) and (e) and
redesignated subsecs. (d), (f), and (g) as (a), (b), and (c),
respectively. Prior to amendment subsecs. (a) to (c) and (e) read
"(a) A person convicted of an offense against the United States
shall be committed, for such term of imprisonment as the court may
direct, to the custody of the Attorney General of the United
States, who shall designate the place of confinement where the
sentence shall be served.
"(b) The Attorney General may designate as a place of confinement
any available, suitable, and appropriate institution or facility,
whether maintained by the Federal Government or otherwise, and
whether within or without the judicial district in which the person
was convicted, and may at any time transfer a person from one place
of confinement to another.
"(c) The Attorney General may extend the limits of the place of
confinement of a prisoner as to whom there is reasonable cause to
believe he will honor his trust, by authorizing him, under
prescribed conditions, to -
"(1) visit a specifically designated place or places for a
period not to exceed thirty days and return to the same or
another institution or facility. An extension of limits may be
granted to permit a visit to a dying relative, attendance at the
funeral of a relative, the obtaining of medical services not
otherwise available, the contacting of prospective employers, the
establishment or reestablishment of family and community ties or
for any other significant reason consistent with the public
"(2) work at paid employment or participate in a training
program in the community on a voluntary basis while continuing as
a prisoner of the institution or facility to which he is
committed, provided that -
"(i) representatives of local union central bodies or similar
labor union organizations are consulted;
"(ii) such paid employment will not result in the
displacement of employed workers, or be applied in skills,
crafts, or trades in which there is a surplus of available
gainful labor in the locality, or impair existing contracts for
"(iii) the rates of pay and other conditions of employment
will not be less than those paid or provided for work of
similar nature in the locality in which the work is to be
A prisoner authorized to work at paid employment in the community
under this subsection may be required to pay, and the Attorney
General is authorized to collect, such costs incident to the
prisoner's confinement as the Attorney General deems appropriate
and reasonable. Collections shall be deposited in the Treasury of
the United States as miscellaneous receipts.
"(e) The authority conferred upon the Attorney General by this
section shall extend to all persons committed to the National
Training School for Boys."
1973 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 93-209 provided for extension of
limits to permit establishment or reestablishment of family and
community ties and struck out "only" after "may be granted".
1965 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-176 designated as subsec. (a)
first unnumbered par. and struck out "or his authorized
representative" after "Attorney General of the United States".
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-176 designated as subsec. (b) second and
third unnumbered par., inserted "or facility" after "appropriate
institution", substituted "may at any time transfer a person from
one place of confinement to another" for "may order any inmate
transferred from one institution to another", and made minor
changes in language.
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 89-176 added subsecs. (c) and (d).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 89-176 designated as subsec. (e) fourth and
last unnumbered pars.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 89-176 added subsec. (f).
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 98-473 effective Nov. 1, 1987, and
applicable only to offenses committed after the taking effect of
such amendment, see section 235(a)(1) of Pub. L. 98-473, set out as
an Effective Date note under section 3551 of this title.
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