All Agencies, Latest Month All Agencies, Previous FY Geographic Distribution
of Convictions for
All Agencies, FY 2014
22 Prosecutions
in October 2014
147 Prosecutions
in Fiscal Year 2014
5 Convictions
in October 2014
76 Convictions
in Fiscal Year 2014

CITE

    18 USC Sec. 3583                                            01/05/2009

EXPCITE

    TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
    PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
    CHAPTER 227 - SENTENCES
    SUBCHAPTER D - IMPRISONMENT

HEAD

    Sec. 3583. Inclusion of a term of supervised release after
      imprisonment

STATUTE

      (a) In General. - The court, in imposing a sentence to a term of
    imprisonment for a felony or a misdemeanor, may include as a part
    of the sentence a requirement that the defendant be placed on a
    term of supervised release after imprisonment, except that the
    court shall include as a part of the sentence a requirement that
    the defendant be placed on a term of supervised release if such a
    term is required by statute or if the defendant has been convicted
    for the first time of a domestic violence crime as defined in
    section 3561(b).
      (b) Authorized Terms of Supervised Release. - Except as otherwise
    provided, the authorized terms of supervised release are -
        (1) for a Class A or Class B felony, not more than five years;
        (2) for a Class C or Class D felony, not more than three years;
      and
        (3) for a Class E felony, or for a misdemeanor (other than a
      petty offense), not more than one year.
      (c) Factors To Be Considered in Including a Term of Supervised
    Release. - The court, in determining whether to include a term of
    supervised release, and, if a term of supervised release is to be
    included, in determining the length of the term and the conditions
    of supervised release, shall consider the factors set forth in
    section 3553(a)(1), (a)(2)(B), (a)(2)(C), (a)(2)(D), (a)(4),
    (a)(5), (a)(6), and (a)(7).
      (d) Conditions of Supervised Release. - The court shall order, as
    an explicit condition of supervised release, that the defendant not
    commit another Federal, State, or local crime during the term of
    supervision and that the defendant not unlawfully possess a
    controlled substance. The court shall order as an explicit
    condition of supervised release for a defendant convicted for the
    first time of a domestic violence crime as defined in section
    3561(b) that the defendant attend a public, private, or private
    nonprofit offender rehabilitation program that has been approved by
    the court, in consultation with a State Coalition Against Domestic
    Violence or other appropriate experts, if an approved program is
    readily available within a 50-mile radius of the legal residence of
    the defendant. The court shall order, as an explicit condition of
    supervised release for a person required to register under the Sex
    Offender Registration and Notification Act, that the person comply
    with the requirements of that Act. The court shall order, as an
    explicit condition of supervised release, that the defendant
    cooperate in the collection of a DNA sample from the defendant, if
    the collection of such a sample is authorized pursuant to section 3
    of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000. The court
    shall also order, as an explicit condition of supervised release,
    that the defendant refrain from any unlawful use of a controlled
    substance and submit to a drug test within 15 days of release on
    supervised release and at least 2 periodic drug tests thereafter
    (as determined by the court) for use of a controlled substance. The
    condition stated in the preceding sentence may be ameliorated or
    suspended by the court as provided in section 3563(a)(4).(!1) The
    results of a drug test administered in accordance with the
    preceding subsection shall be subject to confirmation only if the
    results are positive, the defendant is subject to possible
    imprisonment for such failure, and either the defendant denies the
    accuracy of such test or there is some other reason to question the
    results of the test. A drug test confirmation shall be a urine drug
    test confirmed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
    techniques or such test as the Director of the Administrative
    Office of the United States Courts after consultation with the
    Secretary of Health and Human Services may determine to be of
    equivalent accuracy. The court shall consider whether the
    availability of appropriate substance abuse treatment programs, or
    an individual's current or past participation in such programs,
    warrants an exception in accordance with United States Sentencing
    Commission guidelines from the rule of section 3583(g) when
    considering any action against a defendant who fails a drug test.
    The court may order, as a further condition of supervised release,
    to the extent that such condition -
        (1) is reasonably related to the factors set forth in section
      3553(a)(1), (a)(2)(B), (a)(2)(C), and (a)(2)(D);
        (2) involves no greater deprivation of liberty than is
      reasonably necessary for the purposes set forth in section
      3553(a)(2)(B), (a)(2)(C), and (a)(2)(D); and
        (3) is consistent with any pertinent policy statements issued
      by the Sentencing Commission pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 994(a);
    any condition set forth as a discretionary condition of probation
    in section 3563(b) and any other condition it considers to be
    appropriate, provided, however that a condition set forth in
    subsection 3563(b)(10) shall be imposed only for a violation of a
    condition of supervised release in accordance with section
    3583(e)(2) and only when facilities are available. If an alien
    defendant is subject to deportation, the court may provide, as a
    condition of supervised release, that he be deported and remain
    outside the United States, and may order that he be delivered to a
    duly authorized immigration official for such deportation. The
    court may order, as an explicit condition of supervised release for
    a person who is a felon and required to register under the Sex
    Offender Registration and Notification Act, that the person submit
    his person, and any property, house, residence, vehicle, papers,
    computer, other electronic communications or data storage devices
    or media, and effects to search at any time, with or without a
    warrant, by any law enforcement or probation officer with
    reasonable suspicion concerning a violation of a condition of
    supervised release or unlawful conduct by the person, and by any
    probation officer in the lawful discharge of the officer's
    supervision functions.
      (e) Modification of Conditions or Revocation. - The court may,
    after considering the factors set forth in section 3553(a)(1),
    (a)(2)(B), (a)(2)(C), (a)(2)(D), (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(6), and (a)(7)
    -
        (1) terminate a term of supervised release and discharge the
      defendant released at any time after the expiration of one year
      of supervised release, pursuant to the provisions of the Federal
      Rules of Criminal Procedure relating to the modification of
      probation, if it is satisfied that such action is warranted by
      the conduct of the defendant released and the interest of
      justice;
        (2) extend a term of supervised release if less than the
      maximum authorized term was previously imposed, and may modify,
      reduce, or enlarge the conditions of supervised release, at any
      time prior to the expiration or termination of the term of
      supervised release, pursuant to the provisions of the Federal
      Rules of Criminal Procedure relating to the modification of
      probation and the provisions applicable to the initial setting of
      the terms and conditions of post-release supervision;
        (3) revoke a term of supervised release, and require the
      defendant to serve in prison all or part of the term of
      supervised release authorized by statute for the offense that
      resulted in such term of supervised release without credit for
      time previously served on postrelease supervision, if the court,
      pursuant to the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure applicable to
      revocation of probation or supervised release, finds by a
      preponderance of the evidence that the defendant violated a
      condition of supervised release, except that a defendant whose
      term is revoked under this paragraph may not be required to serve
      on any such revocation more than 5 years in prison if the offense
      that resulted in the term of supervised release is a class A
      felony, more than 3 years in prison if such offense is a class B
      felony, more than 2 years in prison if such offense is a class C
      or D felony, or more than one year in any other case; or
        (4) order the defendant to remain at his place of residence
      during nonworking hours and, if the court so directs, to have
      compliance monitored by telephone or electronic signaling
      devices, except that an order under this paragraph may be imposed
      only as an alternative to incarceration.
      (f) Written Statement of Conditions. - The court shall direct
    that the probation officer provide the defendant with a written
    statement that sets forth all the conditions to which the term of
    supervised release is subject, and that is sufficiently clear and
    specific to serve as a guide for the defendant's conduct and for
    such supervision as is required.
      (g) Mandatory Revocation for Possession of Controlled Substance
    or Firearm or for Refusal To Comply With Drug Testing. - If the
    defendant -
        (1) possesses a controlled substance in violation of the
      condition set forth in subsection (d);
        (2) possesses a firearm, as such term is defined in section 921
      of this title, in violation of Federal law, or otherwise violates
      a condition of supervised release prohibiting the defendant from
      possessing a firearm;
        (3) refuses to comply with drug testing imposed as a condition
      of supervised release; or
        (4) as a part of drug testing, tests positive for illegal
      controlled substances more than 3 times over the course of 1
      year;
    the court shall revoke the term of supervised release and require
    the defendant to serve a term of imprisonment not to exceed the
    maximum term of imprisonment authorized under subsection (e)(3).
      (h) Supervised Release Following Revocation. - When a term of
    supervised release is revoked and the defendant is required to
    serve a term of imprisonment, the court may include a requirement
    that the defendant be placed on a term of supervised release after
    imprisonment. The length of such a term of supervised release shall
    not exceed the term of supervised release authorized by statute for
    the offense that resulted in the original term of supervised
    release, less any term of imprisonment that was imposed upon
    revocation of supervised release.
      (i) Delayed Revocation. - The power of the court to revoke a term
    of supervised release for violation of a condition of supervised
    release, and to order the defendant to serve a term of imprisonment
    and, subject to the limitations in subsection (h), a further term
    of supervised release, extends beyond the expiration of the term of
    supervised release for any period reasonably necessary for the
    adjudication of matters arising before its expiration if, before
    its expiration, a warrant or summons has been issued on the basis
    of an allegation of such a violation.
      (j) Supervised Release Terms for Terrorism Predicates. -
    Notwithstanding subsection (b), the authorized term of supervised
    release for any offense listed in section 2332b(g)(5)(B) is any
    term of years or life.
      (k) Notwithstanding subsection (b), the authorized term of
    supervised release for any offense under section 1201 involving a
    minor victim, and for any offense under section 1591, 2241, 2242,
    2243, 2244, 2245, 2250, 2251, 2251A, 2252, 2252A, 2260, 2421, 2422,
    2423, or 2425, is any term of years not less than 5, or life. If a
    defendant required to register under the Sex Offender Registration
    and Notification Act commits any criminal offense under chapter
    109A, 110, or 117, or section 1201 or 1591, for which imprisonment
    for a term longer than 1 year can be imposed, the court shall
    revoke the term of supervised release and require the defendant to
    serve a term of imprisonment under subsection (e)(3) without regard
    to the exception contained therein. Such term shall be not less
    than 5 years.

SOURCE

    (Added Pub. L. 98-473, title II, Sec. 212(a)(2), Oct. 12, 1984, 98
    Stat. 1999; amended Pub. L. 99-570, title I, Sec. 1006(a)(1)-(3),
    Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207-6; Pub. L. 99-646, Sec. 14(a), Nov.
    10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3594; Pub. L. 100-182, Secs. 8, 9, 12, 25, Dec.
    7, 1987, 101 Stat. 1267, 1268, 1272; Pub. L. 100-690, title VII,
    Secs. 7108, 7303(b), 7305(b), Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4418, 4464,
    4465; Pub. L. 101-647, title XXXV, Sec. 3589, Nov. 29, 1990, 104
    Stat. 4930; Pub. L. 103-322, title II, Sec. 20414(c), title XI,
    Sec. 110505, title XXXII, Sec. 320921(c), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.
    1831, 2016, 2130; Pub. L. 105-119, title I, Sec. 115(a)(8)(B)(iv),
    Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2466; Pub. L. 106-546, Sec. 7(b), Dec. 19,
    2000, 114 Stat. 2734; Pub. L. 107-56, title VIII, Sec. 812, Oct.
    26, 2001, 115 Stat. 382; Pub. L. 107-273, div. B, title II, Sec.
    2103(b), title III, Sec. 3007, Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1793, 1806;
    Pub. L. 108-21, title I, Sec. 101, Apr. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 651;
    Pub. L. 109-177, title II, Sec. 212, Mar. 9, 2006, 120 Stat. 230;
    Pub. L. 109-248, title I, Sec. 141(e), title II, Sec. 210(b), July
    27, 2006, 120 Stat. 603, 615; Pub. L. 110-406, Sec. 14(b), Oct. 13,
    2008, 122 Stat. 4294.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT

      The Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act, referred to
    in subsecs. (d) and (k), is title I of Pub. L. 109-248, July 27,
    2006, 120 Stat. 590, which is classified principally to subchapter
    I (Sec. 16901 et seq.) of chapter 151 of Title 42, The Public
    Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the
    Code, see Short Title note set out under section 16901 of Title 42
    and Tables.
      Section 3 of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000,
    referred to in subsec. (d), is classified to section 14135a of
    Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
      Section 3563(a)(4), referred to in subsec. (d), probably means
    the par. (4) of section 3563(a) added by section 20414(b)(3) of
    Pub. L. 103-322, which was renumbered par. (5) by Pub. L. 104-132,
    title II, Sec. 203(1)(C), Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat. 1227.
      The Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, referred to in subsec.
    (e)(1), (2), (3), are set out in the Appendix to this title.

AMENDMENTS

      2008 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110-406 substituted "section 3563(b)
    and any other condition it considers to be appropriate, provided,
    however that a condition set forth in subsection 3563(b)(10) shall
    be imposed only for a violation of a condition of supervised
    release in accordance with section 3583(e)(2) and only when
    facilities are available." for "section 3563(b)(1) through (b)(10)
    and (b)(12) through (b)(20), and any other condition it considers
    to be appropriate." in concluding provisions.
      2006 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109-248, Secs. 141(e)(1), 210(b),
    substituted "required to register under the Sex Offender
    Registration and Notification Act, that the person comply with the
    requirements of that Act." for "described in section 4042(c)(4),
    that the person report the address where the person will reside and
    any subsequent change of residence to the probation officer
    responsible for supervision, and that the person register in any
    State where the person resides, is employed, carries on a vocation,
    or is a student (as such terms are defined under section
    170101(a)(3) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
    of 1994)." in third sentence of introductory provisions and
    inserted "The court may order, as an explicit condition of
    supervised release for a person who is a felon and required to
    register under the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act,
    that the person submit his person, and any property, house,
    residence, vehicle, papers, computer, other electronic
    communications or data storage devices or media, and effects to
    search at any time, with or without a warrant, by any law
    enforcement or probation officer with reasonable suspicion
    concerning a violation of a condition of supervised release or
    unlawful conduct by the person, and by any probation officer in the
    lawful discharge of the officer's supervision functions." at end of
    concluding provisions.
      Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 109-177 struck out ", the commission of
    which resulted in, or created a foreseeable risk of, death or
    serious bodily injury to another person," before "is any term of
    years or life."
      Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 109-248, Sec. 141(e)(2), substituted "2243,
    2244, 2245, 2250" for "2244(a)(1), 2244(a)(2)", inserted "not less
    than 5," after "any term of years", and inserted "If a defendant
    required to register under the Sex Offender Registration and
    Notification Act commits any criminal offense under chapter 109A,
    110, or 117, or section 1201 or 1591, for which imprisonment for a
    term longer than 1 year can be imposed, the court shall revoke the
    term of supervised release and require the defendant to serve a
    term of imprisonment under subsection (e)(3) without regard to the
    exception contained therein. Such term shall be not less than 5
    years." at end.
      2003 - Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 108-21, Sec. 101(1), inserted "on
    any such revocation" after "required to serve".
      Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 108-21, Sec. 101(2), struck out "that is
    less than the maximum term of imprisonment authorized under
    subsection (e)(3)" after "required to serve a term of
    imprisonment".
      Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 108-21, Sec. 101(3), added subsec. (k).
      2002 - Subsecs. (c), (e). Pub. L. 107-273, Sec. 3007, substituted
    "(a)(6), and (a)(7)" for "and (a)(6)".
      Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 107-273, Sec. 2103(b), added par. (4).
      2001 - Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 107-56 added subsec. (j).
      2000 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-546 inserted "The court shall
    order, as an explicit condition of supervised release, that the
    defendant cooperate in the collection of a DNA sample from the
    defendant, if the collection of such a sample is authorized
    pursuant to section 3 of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act
    of 2000." before "The court shall also order,".
      1997 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-119 inserted after second
    sentence "The court shall order, as an explicit condition of
    supervised release for a person described in section 4042(c)(4),
    that the person report the address where the person will reside and
    any subsequent change of residence to the probation officer
    responsible for supervision, and that the person register in any
    State where the person resides, is employed, carries on a vocation,
    or is a student (as such terms are defined under section
    170101(a)(3) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
    of 1994)."
      1994 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320921(c)(1), inserted
    before period at end "or if the defendant has been convicted for
    the first time of a domestic violence crime as defined in section
    3561(b)".
      Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320921(c)(2), inserted after
    first sentence "The court shall order as an explicit condition of
    supervised release for a defendant convicted for the first time of
    a domestic violence crime as defined in section 3561(b) that the
    defendant attend a public, private, or private nonprofit offender
    rehabilitation program that has been approved by the court, in
    consultation with a State Coalition Against Domestic Violence or
    other appropriate experts, if an approved program is readily
    available within a 50-mile radius of the legal residence of the
    defendant."
      Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 20414(c), inserted after first sentence
    "The court shall also order, as an explicit condition of supervised
    release, that the defendant refrain from any unlawful use of a
    controlled substance and submit to a drug test within 15 days of
    release on supervised release and at least 2 periodic drug tests
    thereafter (as determined by the court) for use of a controlled
    substance. The condition stated in the preceding sentence may be
    ameliorated or suspended by the court as provided in section
    3563(a)(4). The results of a drug test administered in accordance
    with the preceding subsection shall be subject to confirmation only
    if the results are positive, the defendant is subject to possible
    imprisonment for such failure, and either the defendant denies the
    accuracy of such test or there is some other reason to question the
    results of the test. A drug test confirmation shall be a urine drug
    test confirmed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
    techniques or such test as the Director of the Administrative
    Office of the United States Courts after consultation with the
    Secretary of Health and Human Services may determine to be of
    equivalent accuracy. The court shall consider whether the
    availability of appropriate substance abuse treatment programs, or
    an individual's current or past participation in such programs,
    warrants an exception in accordance with United States Sentencing
    Commission guidelines from the rule of section 3583(g) when
    considering any action against a defendant who fails a drug test."
      Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110505(1), substituted "unlawfully possess
    a controlled substance" for "possess illegal controlled substances"
    in first sentence.
      Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110505(2)(A), substituted
    "defendant" for "person" in two places.
      Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110505(2)(B), amended par.
    (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows:
    "revoke a term of supervised release, and require the person to
    serve in prison all or part of the term of supervised release
    without credit for time previously served on postrelease
    supervision, if it finds by a preponderance of the evidence that
    the person violated a condition of supervised release, pursuant to
    the provisions of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure that are
    applicable to probation revocation and to the provisions of
    applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission,
    except that a person whose term is revoked under this paragraph may
    not be required to serve more than 3 years in prison if the offense
    for which the person was convicted was a Class B felony, or more
    than 2 years in prison if the offense was a Class C or D felony;
    or".
      Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110505(2)(A), substituted
    "defendant" for "person".
      Subsecs. (g) to (i). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110505(3), added
    subsecs. (g) to (i) and struck out former subsec. (g) which read as
    follows:
      "(g) Possession of Controlled Substances. - If the defendant is
    found by the court to be in the possession of a controlled
    substance, the court shall terminate the term of supervised release
    and require the defendant to serve in prison not less than one-
    third of the term of supervised release."
      1990 - Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 101-647, Sec. 3589(1), inserted a
    comma after "3553(a)(2)(B)".
      Subsec. (e)(2) to (5). Pub. L. 101-647, Sec. 3589(2)(A)-(C),
    struck out "or" at end of par. (2), substituted "; or" for period
    at end of par. (3), and redesignated par. (5) as (4).
      1988 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7303(b)(1), inserted
    "and that the defendant not possess illegal controlled substances"
    before period at end of first sentence.
      Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7305(b)(1), substituted "(b)(20)" for
    "(b)(19)" in concluding provisions.
      Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7108(a)(1), inserted
    "(a)(2)(C)," after "(a)(2)(B),".
      Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7108(a)(2), which directed
    that "(a)(2)(C)," be inserted after "(a)(2)(B),", was executed by
    inserting "(a)(2)(C)," after "(a)(2)(B)" as the probable intent of
    Congress, because no comma appeared after "(a)(2)(B)".
      Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7108(b)(1), inserted
    "(a)(2)(C)," after "(a)(2)(B)," in introductory provisions.
      Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7108(b)(2), inserted "or"
    after "supervision;".
      Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7305(b)(2)(A), which
    directed amendment of par. (3) by striking "or" at the end could
    not be executed because of the intervening amendment by Pub. L. 100-
    690, Sec. 7108(b)(3), (4). See below.
      Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7108(b)(3), (4), redesignated par. (4) as
    (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: "treat a
    violation of a condition of a term of supervised release as
    contempt of court pursuant to section 401(3) of this title; or".
      Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7305(b)(2)(B), which
    directed amendment of par. (4) by striking the period at the end
    and inserting "; or" could not be executed because subsec. (e) did
    not contain a par. (4) after the intervening amendment by Pub. L.
    100-690, Sec. 7108(b)(4). See below.
      Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7108(b)(4), redesignated par. (4) as (3).
      Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7305(b)(2)(C), added par.
    (5).
      Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100-690, Sec. 7303(b)(2), added subsec. (g).
      1987 - Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100-182, Sec. 8(1), substituted
    "five years" for "three years".
      Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100-182, Sec. 8(2), substituted "three
    years" for "two years".
      Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100-182, Sec. 8(3), inserted "(other than
    a petty offense)" after "misdemeanor".
      Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100-182, Sec. 9, inserted "(a)(2)(C),".
      Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 100-182, Sec. 12(1), inserted "pursuant
    to the provisions of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure
    relating to the modification of probation,".
      Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 100-182, Sec. 12(2), struck out "after a
    hearing," before "extend a term" and inserted "the provisions of
    the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure relating to the
    modification of probation and" after "pursuant to".
      Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 100-182, Sec. 25, inserted ", except that
    a person whose term is revoked under this paragraph may not be
    required to serve more than 3 years in prison if the offense for
    which the person was convicted was a Class B felony, or more than 2
    years in prison if the offense was a Class C or D felony" before
    "Commission" at end.
      1986 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-570, Sec. 1006(a)(1), inserted ",
    except that the court shall include as a part of the sentence a
    requirement that the defendant be placed on a term of supervised
    release if such a term is required by statute".
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-570, Sec. 1006(a)(2), substituted "Except
    as otherwise provided, the" for "The".
      Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99-570, Sec. 1006(a)(3)(A), and Pub. L. 99-
    646, Sec. 14(a)(1), amended section catchline identically,
    substituting "conditions or revocation" for "term or conditions".
      Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 99-646, Sec. 14(a)(2), struck out
    "previously ordered" before "and discharge".
      Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 99-570, Sec. 224(a)(3)(B)-(D), added par.
    (4).
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by Pub. L. 105-119 effective 1 year after Nov. 26,
    1997, see section 115(c)(1) of Pub. L. 105-119, set out as a note
    under section 14071 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1988 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by section 7303(b) of Pub. L. 100-690 applicable with
    respect to persons whose probation, supervised release, or parole
    begins after Dec. 31, 1988, see section 7303(d) of Pub. L. 100-690,
    set out as a note under section 3563 of this title.
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1987 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by Pub. L. 100-182 applicable with respect to offenses
    committed after Dec. 7, 1987, see section 26 of Pub. L. 100-182,
    set out as a note under section 3006A of this title.
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1986 AMENDMENTS
      Section 14(b) of Pub. L. 99-646 provided that: "The amendments
    made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on
    the date of the taking effect of section 3583 of title 18, United
    States Code [Nov. 1, 1987]."
      Section 1006(a)(4) of Pub. L. 99-570 provided that: "The
    amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall
    take effect on the date of the taking effect of section 3583 of
    title 18, United States Code [Nov. 1, 1987]."
                              EFFECTIVE DATE
      Section effective Nov. 1, 1987, and applicable only to offenses
    committed after the taking effect of this section, see section
    235(a)(1) of Pub. L. 98-473, set out as a note under section 3551
    of this title.

FOOTNOTE

    (!1) See References in Text note below.
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