18 USC Sec. 2197 01/05/2009
TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
PART I - CRIMES
CHAPTER 107 - SEAMEN AND STOWAWAYS
Sec. 2197. Misuse of Federal certificate, license or document
Whoever, not being lawfully entitled thereto, uses, exhibits, or
attempts to use or exhibit, or, with intent unlawfully to use the
same, receives or possesses any certificate, license, or document
issued to vessels, or officers or seamen by any officer or employee
of the United States authorized by law to issue the same; or
Whoever, without authority, alters or attempts to alter any such
certificate, license, or document by addition, interpolation,
deletion, or erasure; or
Whoever forges, counterfeits, or steals, or attempts to forge,
counterfeit, or steal, any such certificate, license, or document;
or unlawfully possesses or knowingly uses any such altered,
changed, forged, counterfeit, or stolen certificate, license, or
Whoever, without authority, prints or manufactures any blank form
of such certificate, license, or document, or
Whoever possesses without lawful excuse, and with intent
unlawfully to use the same, any blank form of such certificate,
license, or document; or
Whoever, in any manner, transfers or negotiates such transfer of,
any blank form of such certificate, license, or document, or any
such altered, forged, counterfeit, or stolen certificate, license,
or document, or any such certificate, license, or document to which
the party transferring or receiving the same is not lawfully
Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five
years, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 801; Pub. L. 103-322, title
XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on section 710a of title 46, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Shipping
(June 25, 1936, ch. 816, Sec. 6, 49 Stat. 1936).
The phrase "the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation,"
identifying the agency issuing the certificate, license or
document, was omitted without change of substance. The functions of
the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation were transferred to
the Bureau of Customs and the Coast Guard by Executive Order 9083
Feb. 28, 1942, title 50, App. U.S.C., 1940 ed., following Sec. 601.
Such transfer is temporary under section 621 of title 50, App.,
U.S.C., 1940 ed. (First War Powers Act).
As revised the section is broad enough to embrace certificates,
licenses and documents issued by the officers or employees of the
Coast Guard and Customs Service, as the case may be.
Reference to persons causing, procuring, aiding or abetting was
omitted as such persons are principals under section 2 of this
Words "upon conviction thereof" were omitted as unnecessary,
since punishment cannot be imposed until a conviction is secured.
Changes were made in phraseology and arrangement.
1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted "fined under this title" for
"fined not more than $5,000" in last par.