TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
PART I - CRIMES
CHAPTER 103 - ROBBERY AND BURGLARY
Sec. 2114. Mail, money, or other property of United States
(a) Assault. - A person who assaults any person having lawful
charge, control, or custody of any mail matter or of any money or
other property of the United States, with intent to rob, steal, or
purloin such mail matter, money, or other property of the United
States, or robs or attempts to rob any such person of mail matter,
or of any money, or other property of the United States, shall, for
the first offense, be imprisoned not more than ten years; and if in
effecting or attempting to effect such robbery he wounds the person
having custody of such mail, money, or other property of the United
States, or puts his life in jeopardy by the use of a dangerous
weapon, or for a subsequent offense, shall be imprisoned not more
than twenty-five years.
(b) Receipt, Possession, Concealment, or Disposal of Property. -
A person who receives, possesses, conceals, or disposes of any
money or other property that has been obtained in violation of this
section, knowing the same to have been unlawfully obtained, shall
be imprisoned not more than 10 years, fined under this title, or
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 797; Pub. L. 98-473, title II,
Sec. 223(d), Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 2028; Pub. L. 101-647, title
XXXV, Sec. 3562, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4927; Pub. L. 103-322,
title XXXII, Secs. 320602, 320903(a)(3), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.
2115, 2124; Pub. L. 104-294, title VI, Sec. 604(b)(17), Oct. 11,
1996, 110 Stat. 3507.)
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 320 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch.
321, Sec. 197, 35 Stat. 1126; Aug. 26, 1935, ch. 694, 49 Stat.
The attention of Congress is directed to the mandatory minimum
punishment provisions of sections 2113(e) and 2114 of this title.
These were left unchanged because of the controversial question
involved. Such legislative attempts to control the discretion of
the sentencing judge are contrary to the opinions of experienced
criminologists and criminal law experts. They are calculated to
work manifest injustice in many cases.
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
1996 - Pub. L. 104-294 amended Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320602. See
1994 Amendment note below.
1994 - Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320903(a)(3), inserted "or attempts
to rob" after "robs" in subsec. (a).
Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320602, as amended by Pub. L. 104-294, Sec.
604(b)(17), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted
heading, substituted "A person who" for "Whoever", and added
1990 - Pub. L. 101-647 inserted a comma after "money" in section
1984 - Pub. L. 98-473, which directed insertion of "not more
than" after "imprisoned", was executed by making the insertion
after "imprisoned" the second time appearing.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 104-294 effective Sept. 13, 1994, see
section 604(d) of Pub. L. 104-294, set out as a note under section
13 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 98-473 effective Nov. 1, 1987, and
applicable only to offenses committed after the taking effect of
such amendment, see section 235(a)(1) of Pub. L. 98-473, set out as
an Effective Date note under section 3551 of this title.
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