TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
PART I - CRIMES
CHAPTER 101 - RECORDS AND REPORTS
Sec. 2071. Concealment, removal, or mutilation generally
(a) Whoever willfully and unlawfully conceals, removes,
mutilates, obliterates, or destroys, or attempts to do so, or, with
intent to do so takes and carries away any record, proceeding, map,
book, paper, document, or other thing, filed or deposited with any
clerk or officer of any court of the United States, or in any
public office, or with any judicial or public officer of the United
States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than
three years, or both.
(b) Whoever, having the custody of any such record, proceeding,
map, book, document, paper, or other thing, willfully and
unlawfully conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, falsifies, or
destroys the same, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned
not more than three years, or both; and shall forfeit his office
and be disqualified from holding any office under the United
States. As used in this subsection, the term "office" does not
include the office held by any person as a retired officer of the
Armed Forces of the United States.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 795; Pub. L. 101-510, div. A,
title V, Sec. 552(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1566; Pub. L. 103-
322, title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(I), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Secs. 234, 235 (Mar. 4,
1909, ch. 321, Secs. 128, 129, 35 Stat. 1111, 1112).
Section consolidates sections 234 and 235 of title 18, U.S.C.,
Reference in subsection (a) to intent to steal was omitted as
covered by section 641 of this title.
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted "fined under this title" for
"fined not more than $2,000" in subsecs. (a) and (b).
1990 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-510 inserted at end "As used in
this subsection, the term 'office' does not include the office held
by any person as a retired officer of the Armed Forces of the
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT
Section 552(b) of Pub. L. 101-510 provided that: "The amendment
made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be effective
as of January 1, 1989."
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