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CITE

    18 USC Sec. 2071                                            01/05/2009

EXPCITE

    TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
    PART I - CRIMES
    CHAPTER 101 - RECORDS AND REPORTS

HEAD

    Sec. 2071. Concealment, removal, or mutilation generally

STATUTE

      (a) Whoever willfully and unlawfully conceals, removes,
    mutilates, obliterates, or destroys, or attempts to do so, or, with
    intent to do so takes and carries away any record, proceeding, map,
    book, paper, document, or other thing, filed or deposited with any
    clerk or officer of any court of the United States, or in any
    public office, or with any judicial or public officer of the United
    States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than
    three years, or both.
      (b) Whoever, having the custody of any such record, proceeding,
    map, book, document, paper, or other thing, willfully and
    unlawfully conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, falsifies, or
    destroys the same, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned
    not more than three years, or both; and shall forfeit his office
    and be disqualified from holding any office under the United
    States. As used in this subsection, the term "office" does not
    include the office held by any person as a retired officer of the
    Armed Forces of the United States.

SOURCE

    (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 795; Pub. L. 101-510, div. A,
    title V, Sec. 552(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1566; Pub. L. 103-
    322, title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(I), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.
    2147.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

      Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Secs. 234, 235 (Mar. 4,
    1909, ch. 321, Secs. 128, 129, 35 Stat. 1111, 1112).
      Section consolidates sections 234 and 235 of title 18, U.S.C.,
    1940 ed.
      Reference in subsection (a) to intent to steal was omitted as
    covered by section 641 of this title.
      Minor changes were made in phraseology.
                                AMENDMENTS
      1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted "fined under this title" for
    "fined not more than $2,000" in subsecs. (a) and (b).
      1990 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-510 inserted at end "As used in
    this subsection, the term 'office' does not include the office held
    by any person as a retired officer of the Armed Forces of the
    United States."
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT
      Section 552(b) of Pub. L. 101-510 provided that: "The amendment
    made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be effective
    as of January 1, 1989."
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