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CITE

    18 USC Sec. 1584                                            01/05/2009

EXPCITE

    TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
    PART I - CRIMES
    CHAPTER 77 - PEONAGE, SLAVERY, AND TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS

HEAD

    Sec. 1584. Sale into involuntary servitude

STATUTE

      (a) Whoever knowingly and willfully holds to involuntary
    servitude or sells into any condition of involuntary servitude, any
    other person for any term, or brings within the United States any
    person so held, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not
    more than 20 years, or both. If death results from the violation of
    this section, or if the violation includes kidnapping or an attempt
    to kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or the attempt to commit
    aggravated sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill, the defendant shall
    be fined under this title or imprisoned for any term of years or
    life, or both.
      (b) Whoever obstructs, attempts to obstruct, or in any way
    interferes with or prevents the enforcement of this section, shall
    be subject to the penalties described in subsection (a).

SOURCE

    (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 773; Pub. L. 103-322, title
    XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147; Pub. L.
    104-208, div. C, title II, Sec. 218(a), Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat.
    3009-573; Pub. L. 106-386, div. A, Sec. 112(a)(1), Oct. 28, 2000,
    114 Stat. 1486; Pub. L. 110-457, title II, Sec. 222(b)(2), Dec. 23,
    2008, 122 Stat. 5068.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

      Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Secs. 423, 446 (Mar. 4,
    1909, ch. 321, Secs. 248, 271, 35 Stat. 1139, 1142).
      Sections consolidated with changes of phraseology necessary to
    effect consolidation.
      Reference to persons causing or procuring was omitted as
    unnecessary in view of definition of "principal" in section 2 of
    this title.
      Provisions as to holding of kidnapped persons were omitted as
    superseded by section 1201 of this title and original text relating
    to sale or holding to involuntary servitude retained.
      Words "within the United States" were substituted for "within the
    jurisdiction of the United States". (See section 5 of this title
    defining "United States".)
      The punishment provisions were derived from section 446 of title
    18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., as more consistent with other sections of
    this chapter.
      The requirement of section 423 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., for
    payment of one-half the fine "for the use of the person prosecuting
    the indictment to effect" was omitted as meaningless. (See also
    reviser's note under section 1585 of this title.)
      Mandatory-punishment provisions were rephrased in the
    alternative.
      Minor changes were made in phraseology.
                                AMENDMENTS
      2008 - Pub. L. 110-457 designated existing provisions as subsec.
    (a) and added subsec. (b).
      2000 - Pub. L. 106-386 substituted "20 years" for "10 years" and
    inserted at end "If death results from the violation of this
    section, or if the violation includes kidnapping or an attempt to
    kidnap, aggravated sexual abuse or the attempt to commit aggravated
    sexual abuse, or an attempt to kill, the defendant shall be fined
    under this title or imprisoned for any term of years or life, or
    both."
      1996 - Pub. L. 104-208 substituted "10 years" for "five years".
      1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted "fined under this title" for
    "fined not more than $5,000".
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by Pub. L. 104-208 applicable with respect to offenses
    occurring on or after Sept. 30, 1996, see section 218(d) of Pub. L.
    104-208, set out as a note under section 1581 of this title.
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