TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
PART I - CRIMES
CHAPTER 47 - FRAUD AND FALSE STATEMENTS
Sec. 1040. Fraud in connection with major disaster or emergency
(a) Whoever, in a circumstance described in subsection (b) of
this section, knowingly -
(1) falsifies, conceals, or covers up by any trick, scheme, or
device any material fact; or
(2) makes any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent
statement or representation, or makes or uses any false writing
or document knowing the same to contain any materially false,
fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation,
in any matter involving any benefit authorized, transported,
transmitted, transferred, disbursed, or paid in connection with a
major disaster declaration under section 401 of the Robert T.
Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C.
5170) or an emergency declaration under section 501 of the Robert
T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C.
5191), or in connection with any procurement of property or
services related to any emergency or major disaster declaration as
a prime contractor with the United States or as a subcontractor or
supplier on a contract in which there is a prime contract with the
United States, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more
than 30 years, or both.
(b) A circumstance described in this subsection is any instance
(1) the authorization, transportation, transmission, transfer,
disbursement, or payment of the benefit is in or affects
interstate or foreign commerce;
(2) the benefit is transported in the mail at any point in the
authorization, transportation, transmission, transfer,
disbursement, or payment of that benefit; or
(3) the benefit is a record, voucher, payment, money, or thing
of value of the United States, or of any department or agency
(c) In this section, the term "benefit" means any record,
voucher, payment, money or thing of value, good, service, right, or
privilege provided by the United States, a State or local
government, or other entity.
(Added Pub. L. 110-179, Sec. 2(a), Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2556.)
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