TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
PART I - CRIMES
CHAPTER 43 - FALSE PERSONATION
Sec. 912. Officer or employee of the United States
Whoever falsely assumes or pretends to be an officer or employee
acting under the authority of the United States or any department,
agency or officer thereof, and acts as such, or in such pretended
character demands or obtains any money, paper, document, or thing
of value, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more
than three years, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 742; Pub. L. 103-322, title
XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Secs. 76 and 123 (Mar. 4,
1909, ch. 321, Secs. 32 and 66, 35 Stat. 1095, 1100; Feb. 28, 1938,
ch. 37, 52 Stat. 82).
Section consolidates sections 76 and 123 of title 18, U.S.C.,
1940 ed. The effect of this consolidation was to increase the
punishment for revenue officers from $500 to $1,000 and from 2
years to 3 years, and to rephrase in the alternative the mandatory
This section now applies the same punishment to all officers and
agents of the United States found guilty of false personation.
Words "agency or" were inserted to eliminate any possible
ambiguity as to scope of section. (See definitive section 6 of this
title.) Other words referring to "authority of any corporation
owned or controlled by the United States" were omitted for the same
reason. (See Pierce v. U.S., 1941, 62 S. Ct. 237, 314 U.S. 306, 86
L. Ed. 226.)
The words "with the intent to defraud the United States or any
person", contained in said section 76 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940
ed., were omitted as meaningless in view of United States v.
Lapowich, 63 S. Ct. 914.
Changes were made in phraseology.
1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted "fined under this title" for
"fined not more than $1,000".
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