TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
PART I - CRIMES
CHAPTER 31 - EMBEZZLEMENT AND THEFT
Sec. 654. Officer or employee of United States converting property
Whoever, being an officer or employee of the United States or of
any department or agency thereof, embezzles or wrongfully converts
to his own use the money or property of another which comes into
his possession or under his control in the execution of such office
or employment, or under color or claim of authority as such officer
or employee, shall be fined under this title or not more than the
value of the money and property thus embezzled or converted,
whichever is greater, or imprisoned not more than ten years, or
both; but if the sum embezzled is $1,000 or less, he shall be fined
under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 728; Pub. L. 103-322, title
XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), (2)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147,
2148; Pub. L. 104-294, title VI, Sec. 606(a), Oct. 11, 1996, 110
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 183 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch.
321, Sec. 97, 35 Stat. 1106).
The phrase "Whoever being an officer or agent of the United
States or of any department or agency thereof," was substituted for
the words "Any officer connected with, or employed in the Internal
Revenue Service of the United States * * * And any officer of the
United States, or any assistant of such officer," in order to
clarify scope of section. (See definitive section 6 and reviser's
The embezzlement of Government money or property is adequately
covered by section 641 of this title.
The smaller punishment for an offense involving $100 or less was
added. (See reviser's notes under sections 641 and 645 of this
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
1996 - Pub. L. 104-294 substituted "$1,000" for "$100".
1994 - Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(2)(H), substituted "shall be
fined under this title or not more than the value of the money and
property thus embezzled or converted, whichever is greater, or
imprisoned" for "shall be fined not more than the value of the
money and property thus embezzled or converted, or imprisoned".
Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(H), substituted "fined under this
title" for "fined not more than $1,000" after "he shall be".
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