TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
PART I - CRIMES
CHAPTER 31 - EMBEZZLEMENT AND THEFT
Sec. 643. Accounting generally for public money
Whoever, being an officer, employee or agent of the United States
or of any department or agency thereof, having received public
money which he is not authorized to retain as salary, pay, or
emolument, fails to render his accounts for the same as provided by
law is guilty of embezzlement, and shall be fined under this title
or in a sum equal to the amount of the money embezzled, whichever
is greater, or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; but if
the amount embezzled does not exceed $1,000, he shall be fined
under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 726; Pub. L. 103-322, title
XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), (2)(G), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147,
2148; Pub. L. 104-294, title VI, Sec. 606(a), Oct. 11, 1996, 110
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 176 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch.
321, Sec. 90, 35 Stat. 1105).
Word "employee" was inserted to avoid ambiguity as to scope of
Words "or of any department or agency thereof" were added after
the words "United States". (See definitions of the terms
"department" and "agency" in section 6 of this title.)
Mandatory punishment provisions phrased in alternative.
The smaller punishment for an offense involving $100 or less was
added. (See reviser's notes under sections 641 and 645 of this
1996 - Pub. L. 104-294 substituted "$1,000" for "$100".
1994 - Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(2)(G), substituted "and shall
be fined under this title or in a sum equal to the amount of the
money embezzled, whichever is greater, or imprisoned" for "and
shall be fined in a sum equal to the amount of the money embezzled
Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(H), substituted "fined under this
title" for "fined not more than $1,000" after "he shall be".
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