Judge Scott G. Alexander
FY 2011 - 2016, Miami - Krome Immigration Court
Judge Alexander was appointed as an Immigration Judge in March 1997. He received a
Bachelor of Arts degree from Wesleyan University in 1980, and a furls Doctorate from the
Antioch School of Law in 1985. Judge Alexander worked in private practice with the law firm
of Bogin, Munns & Munns from 1993 to 1997, in Orlando, Florida. From 1990 to 1993, he
worked with the law firm of Lee Jay Colling & Associates, also in Orlando. Judge Alexander
served as an assistant public defender in Orlando from April to September 1990. He served as
a staff attorney with the Greater Orlando Area Legal Services, Inc., from 1988 to 1990. Judge
Alexander is a member of the Florida Bar.
Deciding Asylum Cases
Figure 1: Percent of Asylum Matters Denied
Detailed data on Judge Alexander decisions were examined for the period covering
fiscal years 2011 through 2016. During this period, Judge
Alexander is recorded as deciding 159 asylum claims on their merits. Of these,
he granted 13, gave no conditional grants, and denied 146.
Converted to percentage terms, Alexander denied 91.8 percent and granted (including
conditional grants) 8.2 percent. Figure 1 provides a comparison of Judge Alexander's
denial rate fiscal year-by-year over this recent period.
(Rates for years with less than 25 decisions are not shown.)
Compared to Judge Alexander's denial rate of 91.8 percent, nationally
during this same period, immigration court judges denied 49.8 percent
of asylum claims. In the Miami - Krome Immigration Court where Judge Alexander
was based, judges there denied asylum 95.2 percent of the time. See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Comparing Denial Rates (percents)
Judge Alexander can also be ranked compared to each of the 268 individual immigration judges
serving during this period who rendered at least one hundred decisions in a city's immigration court. If judges were ranked
from 1 to 268 - where 1 represented the highest denial percent and 268
represented the lowest - Judge Alexander here receives a rank of 35. That is 34
judges denied asylum at higher rates, and 233 denied asylum at the same
rate or less often. Ranks are tallied separately for each immigration court. Should a judge serve on more than one court
during this period, separate ranks would be assigned in any court that the judge rendered at least 100 asylum decisions in.
Why Do Denial Rates Vary Among Judges?
Denial rates reflect in part the differing composition of cases assigned to
different immigration judges. For example, being represented in court and the nationality
of the asylum seeker appear to often impact decision outcome. Decisions also appear to
reflect in part the personal perspective that the judge brings to the bench.
Figure 3: Asylum Seeker Had Representation
If an asylum seeker is not represented by an
attorney, almost all (91%) of them are denied asylum. In contrast, a
significantly higher proportion of represented asylum seekers are successful.
In the case of Judge Alexander, 58.5% were not
represented by an attorney. See Figure 3. For the nation as a whole,
about 18.7% of asylum seekers are not represented.
Asylum seekers are a
diverse group. Over one hundred different nationalities had at least one hundred
individuals claiming asylum decided during this period. As might be expected,
immigration courts located in different parts of the country tend to have
proportionately larger shares from some countries than from others. And, given
the required legal grounds for a successful asylum claim, asylum seekers
from some nations tend to be more successful than others.
Figure 4: Asylum Decisions by Nationality
For Judge Alexander, the largest group of asylum seekers appearing before him came
from Honduras. Individuals from this nation made up 16.4 % of his caseload.
Other nationalities in descending order of frequency appearing before Judge Alexander were:
Guatemala (13.2 %), China (9.4%), El Salvador (6.3%), Somalia (5.7%).
See Figure 4.
In the nation as a whole during this same period, major nationalities of asylum
seekers, in descending order of frequency, were China (27.1%), Mexico (9.6%), El Salvador (9.2%), Guatemala (6.8%), Honduras (5.9%), India (2.9%), Nepal (2.2%), Ethiopia (2.1%), Eritrea (1.5%), Somalia (1.5%), Egypt (1.4%), Haiti (1.3%), Colombia (1.1%).