Judge Scott G. Alexander

FY 2011 - 2016, Miami - Krome Immigration Court

Judge Alexander was appointed as an Immigration Judge in March 1997. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Wesleyan University in 1980, and a furls Doctorate from the Antioch School of Law in 1985. Judge Alexander worked in private practice with the law firm of Bogin, Munns & Munns from 1993 to 1997, in Orlando, Florida. From 1990 to 1993, he worked with the law firm of Lee Jay Colling & Associates, also in Orlando. Judge Alexander served as an assistant public defender in Orlando from April to September 1990. He served as a staff attorney with the Greater Orlando Area Legal Services, Inc., from 1988 to 1990. Judge Alexander is a member of the Florida Bar.

Deciding Asylum Cases

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Figure 1: Percent of Asylum Matters Denied

Detailed data on Judge Alexander decisions were examined for the period covering fiscal years 2011 through 2016. During this period, Judge Alexander is recorded as deciding 159 asylum claims on their merits. Of these, he granted 13, gave no conditional grants, and denied 146. Converted to percentage terms, Alexander denied 91.8 percent and granted (including conditional grants) 8.2 percent. Figure 1 provides a comparison of Judge Alexander's denial rate fiscal year-by-year over this recent period. (Rates for years with less than 25 decisions are not shown.)

Nationwide Comparisons

Compared to Judge Alexander's denial rate of 91.8 percent, nationally during this same period, immigration court judges denied 49.8 percent of asylum claims. In the Miami - Krome Immigration Court where Judge Alexander was based, judges there denied asylum 95.2 percent of the time. See Figure 2.

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Figure 2: Comparing Denial Rates (percents)

Judge Alexander can also be ranked compared to each of the 268 individual immigration judges serving during this period who rendered at least one hundred decisions in a city's immigration court. If judges were ranked from 1 to 268 - where 1 represented the highest denial percent and 268 represented the lowest - Judge Alexander here receives a rank of 35. That is 34 judges denied asylum at higher rates, and 233 denied asylum at the same rate or less often. Ranks are tallied separately for each immigration court. Should a judge serve on more than one court during this period, separate ranks would be assigned in any court that the judge rendered at least 100 asylum decisions in.

Why Do Denial Rates Vary Among Judges?

Denial rates reflect in part the differing composition of cases assigned to different immigration judges. For example, being represented in court and the nationality of the asylum seeker appear to often impact decision outcome. Decisions also appear to reflect in part the personal perspective that the judge brings to the bench.

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Figure 3: Asylum Seeker Had Representation
Representation

If an asylum seeker is not represented by an attorney, almost all (91%) of them are denied asylum. In contrast, a significantly higher proportion of represented asylum seekers are successful. In the case of Judge Alexander, 58.5% were not represented by an attorney. See Figure 3. For the nation as a whole, about 18.7% of asylum seekers are not represented.

Nationality

Asylum seekers are a diverse group. Over one hundred different nationalities had at least one hundred individuals claiming asylum decided during this period. As might be expected, immigration courts located in different parts of the country tend to have proportionately larger shares from some countries than from others. And, given the required legal grounds for a successful asylum claim, asylum seekers from some nations tend to be more successful than others.

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Figure 4: Asylum Decisions by Nationality

For Judge Alexander, the largest group of asylum seekers appearing before him came from Honduras. Individuals from this nation made up 16.4 % of his caseload. Other nationalities in descending order of frequency appearing before Judge Alexander were: Guatemala (13.2 %), China (9.4%), El Salvador (6.3%), Somalia (5.7%). See Figure 4.

In the nation as a whole during this same period, major nationalities of asylum seekers, in descending order of frequency, were China (27.1%), Mexico (9.6%), El Salvador (9.2%), Guatemala (6.8%), Honduras (5.9%), India (2.9%), Nepal (2.2%), Ethiopia (2.1%), Eritrea (1.5%), Somalia (1.5%), Egypt (1.4%), Haiti (1.3%), Colombia (1.1%).

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