Detainees Leaving ICE Detention from the
Detroit Immigration Holding Facility
Detroit, Michigan

Detainees Deported or Released
Number last 12 months 16
Out of total detained 17
 
Percent change:
from previous 12 months -89 %
from FY 2005 -75 %
from FY 2000 -58 %
 
Facility ranking on detainees top 90 %

Table 1: Number leaving ICE detention
from this facility

During the most recent 12 month period for which data are available, a total of 16 detainees housed at the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility left that facility because they were deported, were released under supervision while their cases were being decided, or left ICE detention for one of a variety of other reasons. This is a special ICE holding area or staging location that under current ICE detention standards is allowed to temporarily house aliens for up to 12 or 16 hours. These types of units generally have no sleeping quarters or shower facilities.

Those individuals who departed from this facility because they were leaving ICE detention made up 94 percent of the 17 detainees housed at this facility during the last 12 months. This report focuses on the reasons these individuals left ICE detention. Sometimes this report speaks of these individuals as those "exiting" ICE detention, or simply as "exits." The other 6 percent remained in ICE detention but were transferred from the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility to other facilities.

This report covers those who left ICE custody. It excludes individuals transferred to other ICE facilities. For more information on this facility, including individuals that were transferred, see additional TRAC reports in this series.

This report series is based upon analyses conducted by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University of 3.4 million government records tracking each individual who passed through an ICE detention facility during the past decade. The most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available is for April 2007 through March 2008. See About the Data.

How This Facility Ranks Nationally

Rankings on the number leaving ICE detention. The Detroit Immigration Holding Facility was one of 1,528 facilities that were used to house immigration detainees during the last decade, and one of 654 facilities nationwide that housed ICE detainees during the most recent 12 month period. Of these 654, there were 324 facilities that had at least 10 individuals who were deported or released. Excluding those facilities with fewer than 10 exits, the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility last year ranked in the top 90 percent nationwide in the number of individuals leaving ICE detention. This means that 90 percent of the locations contributed the same or a larger numbers of exits, while 10 percent had a smaller number. See Table 1.

Deportations. Nationally, the most common reason that a detainee left ICE detention was that they were deported from the United States. During the most recent 12 month period for which comprehensive data are available, nationwide 81 percent of those leaving ICE detention were deported or "voluntarily" departed. By way of comparison, a lower percentage of detainees (44 percent) left the country from the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility because they were formally deported, or left under the so-called "voluntary departure" procedure.

Trends in the Number of Detainees Deported or Released

Trends in the number leaving ICE detention. When deportations and other releases during the April 2007-March 2008 period were compared with those in the previous 12 months, the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility numbers were sharply down by 89 percent. During the April 2006-March 2007 period the facility processed 140 "exits" as compared with 16 last year. As detailed in Table 1, numbers last year were also down 75 percent as compared with the number of those leaving ICE detention (63) during FY 2005. Exits last year were also down by 58 percent as compared with the number of exits (38) during FY 2000.

Bar chart of fymondt

Figure 1: Month-by-month number of detainees leaving this facility

Longer term exit trends. Greater detail on these long-term trends for those leaving ICE detention from the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility are displayed in Figure 1. Here the month-by-month number of exits are graphed against the backdrop of the total detainees leaving the custody of this facility. Exits are displayed with darker shading while those transferred appear with lighter shading. As is readily apparent, considerable variation has occurred over time in both the overall numbers of detainees as well as the volume leaving ICE detention during this period.

Fiscal Year ICE Detainees
Total Exits Percent
1999 98 25 26 %
2000 68 38 56 %
2001 151 46 30 %
2002 50 40 80 %
2003 86 77 90 %
2004 448 222 50 %
2005 102 63 62 %
2006 213 197 92 %
2007 21 21 100 %
2008 (est) 32 30 94 %

Table 2: Number of detainees leaving
this facility over the last decade

Exit trends are also summarized by fiscal year in Table 2. Year-by-year figures for the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility are given for the total number of detainees as compared with those leaving ICE detention from the facility. The percent of detainees that left ICE detention is also given. (As mentioned above, the remaining detainees were transferred to another ICE detention facility.) Because data for all twelve months of the most recent fiscal year are not yet available, the FY 2008 numbers (October 2007 through September 2008) are estimated based upon reporting for the first six months.

Were Detained Individuals from the Local Area?

Information on the place of arrest was not included in the available data ICE released. However, we can examine whether the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility was the first ICE facility in which these detainees were held. According to ICE records, for the majority (69 percent) of these detainees, the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility was the first place they were sent when they were detained by ICE. The remaining 31 percent had been transferred in from another ICE detention facility.

We can also look at how quickly they arrived at this facility after they were first detained. Again, a total of 69 percent arrived at the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility at some point during the very first day they were detained by ICE. There was considerable variability among detainees in the number of detention facilities they had been held in before they were finally deported or released from this facility. The number of facilities ranged as high as 4 separate locations for some detainees. These figures again are based on an analysis of the most recent 12 months for which data are available.

For the United States as a whole, last year the typical detainee stayed in two different ICE detention facilities before being deported or released - half stayed in 2 or fewer facilities, and half stayed in 2 or more. The average number of ICE facilities detainees moved through was 1.9. Detainees at the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility on average had stayed at somewhat fewer (1.6) ICE facilities.

Reason Left ICE Facility Profile U.S Profile
Number Percent Percent
Orders of Recognizance or Supervision 9 56 % 5 %
Deported/Removed 7 44 % 72 %
Bonded out 0 . 8 %
Died 0 . 0 %
Escaped 0 . 0 %
Paroled 0 . 0 %
Proceedings Terminated 0 . 2 %
U.S. Marshal or Other Agency 0 . 3 %
Voluntary departure 0 . 10 %
Withdrawal 0 . 1 %
Total 16 100 % 100 %

Table 3: Reasons individuals left ICE detention during the last 12 months

Why Did Detainees Leave ICE Detention?

ICE records one of twenty-three reasons a detainee left ICE detention. As shown in Table 3, these reasons fall into ten general categories -- from leaving because one is deported or removed, to leaving because one escaped or the individual died while in custody.

Deportation. As mentioned earlier, while nationally the most common reason that a detainee left ICE detention was that they were deported from this country, this was not the top reason at this facility. At the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility only 7 individuals (44 percent) were deported or removed during the most recent 12 month period for which data are available. (ICE data did not distinguish between deportations and removals, and the terms are used interchangeably in this report.)

Orders. The issuance of an order to release the detainee was the most common reason why individuals were recorded as leaving ICE detention from this facility. Under an "order of recognizance" an individual is released with reporting conditions while in deportation proceedings and awaiting a final decision. A second type of order ("order of supervision") releases an individual after a final order of removal. Here an individual is released because ICE has not met the time limits the law imposes for deporting the individual. There were 9 (56 percent) who left the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility detention for these reasons: 7 with orders of recognizance, and 2 with orders of supervision.

Escape and death. Nationally, there were 92 individuals who escaped ICE detention during the latest 12 month period for which data are available, and 8 individuals were recorded as having died in detention. No one was recorded by the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility as either escaping or dying last year. Over the past decade, one escape was recorded from this facility, but no deaths.

As shown in Table 3, no one was recorded as leaving the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility during the past 12 months for the following reasons: Bonded out, Paroled, Proceedings Terminated, U.S. Marshal or other agency, Voluntary departure and Withdrawal. See "Reasons for Leaving ICE Detention" for a description of these categories.

Pie chart of release_grp

Figure 2: Reasons individuals left ICE detention

Comparing Release Reasons Against The National Picture

In many respects release reasons for the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility departed from the national picture. It was the case that a lower proportion left because they were deported from this facility (44 percent) than was true for the U.S. as a whole (72 percent). No one left as a voluntary departure from this facility, while this was true for 10 percent of all individuals nationally.

In addition, differences were seen for detainees released on orders of recognizance or supervision (56 versus 5 percent), and individuals released on bond (none versus 8 percent).

The facility's percentages fell within 3 percentage points of the national figures for all other categories.

Nationalities

Which nationalities predominate? Last year in the United States, individuals from Mexico comprised the largest number of those leaving ICE detention. Some 53.6 percent of all detainees recorded Mexico as their country of origin. The Detroit Immigration Holding Facility had a much smaller proportion of detainees from Mexico - 13 percent among their exits. Detainees from Mexico were not the largest single nationality group among those leaving detention from the facility.

Nationalities Ranked in Top 10 Left ICE Detention
Total Deported/
Voluntary
Departure
Percent
- ALL 16 7 43.7 %
1 Canada 4 4 100.0 %
2 Guatemala 3 1 33.3 %
3 Albania 2 1 50.0 %
Honduras 2 0 0.0 %
Mexico 2 0 0.0 %
6 El Salvador 1 0 0.0 %
Poland 1 1 100.0 %
Vietnam 1 0 0.0 %

Table 4: Numbers leaving ICE detention by nationality
during the last 12 months

In descending order, the top nationalities that made up those leaving ICE detention from the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility last year were: Canada (25%) , Guatemala (19%), Albania (13%), Honduras (13%) and Mexico (13%). This compared to the United States as a whole where the other top five nationalities after Mexico were Honduras (11.0%), Guatemala (10.0%), El Salvador (8.4%) and Dominican Republic (1.6%).

Pie chart of nat

Figure 3: Nationality of those
leaving ICE detention

For the frequency for each of the other nationalities among those leaving ICE detention from the Detroit Immigration Holding Facility last year see Table 4.

Deportations and voluntary departures by nationality. Within the nationalities that made up those listed in Table 4 with more than one individual, the proportion deported or voluntarily departing varied from 0 percent to 100 percent. As mentioned above, this compares with 44 percent for all detainees.

With the highest rate of 100 percent were detainees from Canada where all individuals were deported or took voluntary departure. More than one country was tied with the lowest rate, where detainees were deported or took voluntary departure.

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